A Brief Note On The World Health Organization

Decent Essays
The Definition Of Disability

The World Health Organization ‘s (2011) report defined disability as being complex, dynamic and a multidimensional highly debated problem that is part of the human condition. With aging, a disability may become a part of elderly individual’s daily lives. The WHO (2011) report described impairments as an issue in body structure or function, limitation in activities as being restricted from getting involved in life situations due to the disability. About 15% of the world’s population will face disability at some point of their lives. The report highlighted barriers faced by individuals with disabilities when looking for health services, support and assistance, environmental accessibility, education and
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In India, the vast majority of individuals with disabilities are unemployed and have less access to education than individuals without disabilities (Mishra and Gupta, 2006). Individuals with disabilities encounter difficulties that require interventions to overcome as well as to remove social and environmental barriers (World Health Organization, 2011). In addition, individuals with disabilities are susceptible to secondary conditions such as depression, pain, injury, overweight and obesity among other health problems (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2016). Moreover, the combination of disability and environmental factors contributes to create major barriers in accessing rehabilitation services. Almost everyone who gets through old age experiences some level of increased difficulties in functioning at some point in their life; therefore, disability is a human rights issue in which appropriate accessibility would most certainly benefit us all (Campbell and Oliver, 1996; Mishra and Gupta, 2006). Campbell and Oliver (1996) interviewed disability rights activists in Europe, Asia, Southern Africa, North, Central and South America presenting a wider vision of the individuals with disabilities’ life experience. The authors argued the existence of a disability movement as always being present in history; however, with a different focus. Campbell and Oliver (1996) analysed social theory,
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