A Study On A Culture Of Peace

10177 WordsOct 9, 201541 Pages
Chapter One 1. Introduction This is an introductory chapter which contains the background of the study that provides a brief overview of the study at the beginning. It gives hints about the concept of a culture of peace and emphasizes on the roles of education particularly higher education for the building of a culture of peace in Ethiopia. The second part of the chapter deals with the research problem statement followed by the basic research questions. Subsequently, the main and specific objectives of the study are also included followed by the rationale and contributions of the study. The focus of the study is also included in this chapter followed by organization of the dissertation. Finally, operational definitions of key terms are…show more content…
Recently, human casualties are also continuing in many countries in the world through violence and violent conflicts. In this regard, the UCDP conflict encyclopedia portrays that in recent years there are different kinds of conflicts in many countries of the world. In Africa, for instance, countries like Algeria, Central Africa Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Egypt, Kenya, Libya, Mali, Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan and Uganda were engaged in one or more conflicts in 2012 (UCDP, 2015). These violent conflicts occurred and were aggravated due to various reasons. Most of the sources of these conflicts are related to the problems of equality, justice, good governance, freedom, identity, human rights, cooperation and the utilization of scarce resources. These sources of violence ignite the development of some characteristics of a culture of war and violence such as inequality, injustice and authoritarian governance in the society which eliminates the basics of peacefulness. It is, however, impossible to think and visualize any meaningful human progress when the society is affected by injustice, inhumanity, poverty, hunger, illiteracy, disease and violence, and predominantly without peace and security. In this case, there is an urgent and enormous responsibility on responsible citizens to find appropriate solutions for these problems and to fulfill, or at least to satisfy the fundamental
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