Abortion And Its Effects On Health

1558 WordsMar 7, 20167 Pages
Elective abortion is common in the United States; according to one estimate approximately 21% of pregnancies, excluding miscarriages, are aborted (Jones & Jerman, 2014, p. 5). Opponents of abortion correlate it with various negative mental health outcomes for the women who choose to terminate a pregnancy. The risks claimed to be associated include depression, anxiety, substance abuse, and suicide. Some analyses have shown a meaningful increase in risk, and even assert that this risk can be directly attributed to abortion using analytical methods. However, large associations of medical professionals, such as the American Psychological Association, report that there are no statistically significant increased mental health risks in undergoing a single elective abortion, and that bias and politics are at the heart of claims to the contrary. This opposing view offers that when increased mental health issues following abortion do occur, they are more likely explained by factors such as prior levels of mental health. This paper will discuss views in the controversy as to whether elective abortion does result in increased risk of mental health problems. Yes - Abortion Does Increase Risk of Mental Health Problems Historically, several major medical associations have disclaimed a meaningful link between elective abortion and increased mental health disorders. Therefore, a major aspect of the opposing argument lies in methodological criticisms of large study reviews covering the
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