Account for the growth of TNCs and evaluate their impacts at the global and national scales

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Account for the growth of TNCs and evaluate their impacts at the global and national scales (40 marks) A TNC (transnational corporation) is a company that operates in no less than two countries and has a global outlook. TNCs have a long history going back to the 16th Century in terms of trade such as spices, but it’s not until C. 1945 that companies started to form acquisitions and mergers. The one key reason why these businesses have been so successful in their area of expertise globally is because they can take advantage of spatial differences in the factors of production worldwide. They are able to exploit differences in the availability of capital, labour costs and land cost, which we as a world have seen, especially in far-east…show more content…
Growth of TNCs is down to geographical flexibility and being able to shift resources and production between locations on a global scale in order to maximise profit margins. For example, Coca Cola Hellenic is leaving Greece; this is so that they don’t lose any more money than they already have done. Athens stock exchange is a lot smaller than it used to be, which has meant the general economic “sickness” in the country depresses prices of all companies there. So, the company is to move its domicile from Greece to Switzerland and the stock listing from Athens to London. This example perfectly summarises how and why TNCs pack up in certain countries and go on to the next - to make profit, which is what all-multinational companies are out to do, “make a buck.” The growth in TNCs is also the idea of shifting to a more flexible production system, like “JIT” production, which stands for Just-In-Time. This type of production is exactly what it says on the tin, an order is placed with the company and only then do they start making the product, this saves time, space and money, as products are not left in warehouses until an order is placed. This allows for products to be made quickly and efficiently. In addition, TNCs can take advantage of the advances in technology; communication and transport meaning the process can be dealt with more quickly, easily and cheaply. Plus, many TNCs have adapted their production process and have broken in down, this
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