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Achievement Gap In Urban Education

Decent Essays
Children who live in poor urban neighborhoods are disproportionately likely to be members of racial and ethnic minority groups and are at greater risk for school failure
(Ludwig, Ladd, & Duncan, 2001). In urban regions, Hispanic and Black students are half as likely as non-Hispanic Whites to complete college and graduate from high school or have high school diplomas (Ludwig, Ladd, & Duncan, 2001; Ortiz & Heavy-Runner, 2003).
Although educational programs have been introduced to address the achievement gap in low-income and urban communities, the educational outputs of these areas remain below the national average (Tierney & Jun, 2001; Ng, Wendell & Lombardi, 2012). For example, the percentage of adults with a bachelor’s degree in Camden city
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