Addison 's Disease : Lauren E. Brown

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Addison’s Disease
Lauren E. Brown
Central Carolina Community College

Alongside with organs, bones, and tissues, the human body also functions through hormones. Some of these hormones are produced by the adrenal glands which are located right above the kidneys. Adrenal glands produce hormones that give vital instructions to almost every organ and every tissue in your body. When someone’s adrenal glands do not produce enough amounts of certain hormones such as cortisol and aldosterone, this often leads to Addison’s Disease. The adrenal glands are composed of two sections, the medulla and the cortex. The medulla part of the gland is what produces adrenaline-like hormones. The cortex produces a group of hormones called corticosteroids …show more content…

In this case, not enough adrenocorticotropic can lead to inadequate production of hormones that are produced by the adrenal glands. Signs and symptoms are the first steps into identifying if one has this autoimmune disease. Symptoms include the following; extreme fatigue, weight loss, decreased appetite, hyperpigmentation, hypotension, fainting, hypoglycemia, nausea, diarrhea, vomiting, pain in the abdominal region, muscle/joint pains, body hair loss, and sexual dysfunction. To receive a diagnosis from a doctor, he or she will conduct the following. First, a blood test will measure the levels of sodium, potassium, cortisol, and adrenocorticotropic in your blood stream. The test will tell the doctor if adrenal insufficiency may be causing the signs and symptoms a patient may be associating with. An adrenocorticotropin stimulation test will measure the level of cortisol in your blood before and after an injection of synthetic adrenocorticotropic is put into the body. If the adrenal glands are damaged, the andreocorptropic test wil will show that the cortisol in the patient 's body is limited or that there is none. The third type of test is an insulin-induced hypoglycemia test. If a doctor suspects that pituitary disease is a cause of adrenal insufficiency, he or she will perform a test involving checking blood sugar and cortisol levels at certain times after insulin is injected into

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