Advantages And Disadvantages Of Primary Infertility

Decent Essays
As James Austen quoted Infertility messes with your mind and life in various forms until you become hopeful and change your mind beliefs and make new choices.
Infertility is “a disease of the reproductive system defined by the failure to achieve a clinical pregnancy after 12 months or more of regular unprotected sexual intercourse (1)also with the criteria that evaluation must be initiated sooner in patients who have risk factors for infertility or if the female partner is older than 35 years.(2) Infertility varies across regions globally and WHO estimated it to affect 8 to 12 per cent of couples worldwide(3). Underlying these numbers exists unknown cases, estimated to be 3 to 5 per cent. It tends to be highest in countries with high fertility
…show more content…
WHO, defines primary infertility as the “Inability to conceive within two years of exposure to pregnancy (i.e.- sexually active, non-contracepting, and non-lactating) among women 15 to 49 yr old (5)”. Secondary infertility refers to the inability to conceive following a previous pregnancy. Globally, most common type of infertility is primary infertility(6).The WHO estimates the overall prevalence of primary infertility in India to be between 3.9% and 16.8% (7). Estimates of infertility vary widely among Indian states from 3.7 per cent in Uttar Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh and Maharashtra(8), to 5 per cent in Andhra…show more content…
Women in group II include those with polycystic ovary syndrome and hyperprolactinemia. Women in group III can conceive only with oocyte donation and in vitro fertilization.(10)
Terminology in reproductive medicine is indeed confusing and misleading (11). Another term Subfertility is described as any form of reduced fertility with prolonged time of wanted conception.(12).There has been immense development and advancement in treatment modalities in the field of infertility over the years . Also it has been seen that most of the infertile cases in a long run conceives after several attempts hence categorizing a couple as infertile or sterile would be ruthless hence, a subtle term has been coined to represent couples with hope of
Get Access