African American Schools From The Landmark Case Of Plessy V. Ferguson

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INTRODUCTION
African American schools emerged from the landmark case of Plessy v. Ferguson in 1896 when the United States Supreme Court ruled in favor of separate but equal facilities for Whites and Blacks. This decision affected the use of all public facilities used by African Americans, including schools. Out of the forced separatism an unintended outcome was birthed: the “agency” of the African American community (Morris, 2004). During segregation effective all Black schools had strong leaders, a climate of high expectations, strong and competent teachers, and community support and participation (A. Randolph, 2004). African Americans banded together to create communities and opportunities for themselves in spite of the intended
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These include beginning their own schools, providing financial support for existing schools, using the church and other institutions to promote education, lobbying white school leaders for school reform measures, organizing local meetings and state conventions to plan strategies for improving education, and engaging in a variety of direct protest measures.(FN33) Through history, their willingness to support the schools seems directly related to their perception of need and their support of a local leader.
Historical research by scholars have found that in spite

Personal Story
I was raised by parents who grew-up in the south during segregation. My mother, in a small rural town South of Houston and my father in an urban, bustling city in Louisiana. They were both out of school before schools integrated and prior to individuals participating in civil right’s marches and sit-ins. My parents talked to my brother and me often about the times prior to integration, however never dis-heartedly. Unlike the history books, my parents spoke with a sense of pride about those times and discussed the sense of family and community that was shared on their street and neighborhood, the number of successful business that were black owned, the schools and how much each student was required to learn, and the feeling of pride and self-worth that they were made to feel.
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