Agricultural Extension Services Essay

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5. LACK OF APPLICATION OF AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION SERVICES AND EXPERT ADVICE Lack of application of agricultural extension Services and expert advice in respect of agricultural related problems is not reaching till the farmer. For example, Soil sampling should be done on an individual field basis and samples from different fields should not be mixed and major areas within fields having distinctly different soil properties such as texture should be sampled and fertilized as separate fields because of different nutrient requirements but due to lack of information and time constraint during season they not get soil tested. Central and various state government tried to enabling the transfer of knowledge from "lab to land" through various…show more content…
When there is crop failure or damage, farmers need immediate relief, atleast before starting of next emergence of sowing season. Delay settlement procedure fails the entire purpose of giving compensation to the affected at a time when it is most needed. In the absence of a more scientific mechanism of doing this, these assessments are unable to give an accurate value of the produce. In absence of this relief they have to forego crop for a season or depend upon expensive finance through informal sources which leads to financial or credit issue. Further, pricing of premium is arbitrary and profitability of farmers is not considered in this. In some crops premium is more than expected return on the crop. This keeps away small and marginal farmers from insurance. Yet they are the ones who need insurance the most. Due to all these issues the new scheme “Pradhan Mantri Fasal bimayojana (PMFBY) has been approved for implementation from Kharif 2016 along with pilot Unified Package Insurance Scheme (UPIS) and restructured Weather Based Crop Insurance Scheme (WBCIS). Under the PMFBY, a uniform maximum premium of only 2% will be paid by farmers for all Kharif crops and 1.5% for all Rabi crops. In case of annual commercial and horticultural crops, the maximum premium to be paid by farmers will be only 5%. There are existing crop insurance schemes, the problem is most haven’t benefited farmers. Only about 20 percent of all farmers in the country are
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