Agricultural Resource Governance And Land Tenure

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Literature pertaining to agricultural resource governance and land tenure is vast and diverse. This paper is concerned with property systems; its review will therefore expound upon three broad frameworks which can be used to understand property systems. Each of these frameworks, or approaches to the management of agricultural lands, offers a distinctive perspective on the appropriation of land, the use of land, and the maximization of wealth. Key goals vary from framework to framework, but two particularly noteworthy goals are economic efficiency, which concerns the maximization of wealth, and equity, which concerns the distribution of wealth and resources. The three frameworks consist of the following: the state framework, the…show more content…
The state framework has its roots in Thomas Hobbes’ Leviathan (1994), in which Hobbes asserts that, without the preeminence of a sovereign, society will assume its “state of nature”: a “war of all against all” in which life is “solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short.” Hobbes’ supposition of anarchy as chaos, as well as his support for a strong system of central governance, lied at the foundation of the mercantilist system for over a century.
Given the geospatial focus of this paper, it is prudent to consider the influence of Marx and Lenin on property systems in historical perspective. Marx (1967) intended that communist revolutions would constitute a complete paradigm shift in property systems. His argument, alongside Engel’s, was that working classes should forcefully establish themselves as the ruling class and immediately seize all capital and centralize it. Among his first tenets in The Communist Manifesto is the “abolition of property in land and [the] application of all rents of land to public purposes.” State ownership of credit, communications, and transportation infrastructure, in addition to the formation of industrial and agricultural labor armies and the diffusion of industrial zones to equalize population distributions, were major axioms of Marxist socialism. Marx decried the inequity that resulted from classical capitalism. His work against
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