Agriculture Reform Act

984 Words4 Pages
The 1960s pushed farming to a new low. “federal agriculture policy continued to curtail surplus production and raise farm incomes, but it placed greater emphasis on guaranteeing low food prices” (Miller, 2011). Farmers were competing with other farms just to keep their farms and homes. The government implemented additional programs like the use of food stamps and the free school lunch programs, which further deemphasized the necessity for production for the farmers. In 1996, the Federal Agricultural Improvement and Reform Act (FAIR) was passed. This sought to eliminate federal subsidies and encouraged diversification. The importance of diversification was learned during the great famine. Since there was typically only one crop planted at…show more content…
Franklin D Roosevelt once said, “the history of every Nation is eventually written in the way in which it cares for its soil.” The United States began seeing sustainable management practices in farms, and healthier soil through this act. In 1982 through 2007, the United States soil erosion had declined by 43%” (Montanarella, 2015). Every year the United States loses about $400 billion dollars due to crop soil that is eroded. Soil is a limited resource and the largest resource for growing food, accommodating diverse ecosystems, and providing food resources. Therefore laws, acts, and provisions are necessary to protect this natural resource. Without policies to guarantee proper care, use reasonable access to soil, we would have further limitations to access of crops and in turn, less access to sustainable food sources. Without the governing oversight of laws and policies, we would likely be living in a country looking at “increased poverty, hunger, conflict, land grabs, and mass migration of displaces populations” (Montanerella, 2015). There are many concerns that may arise when developing and enforcing agricultural policies, but if policies are not made to improve standards, technology, maintain diversity and preserve water, we would be apt to face devastating effects. Some of the major concerns involved with agricultural policy include: biosecurity, labor supply, technology, water access, water trades, and
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