Tobacco use has and still continues to be a major health issue. The knowledge of tobacco use has increased throughout the years. There have been many major scientific studies that show various theories on tobacco use. Studies have shown that tobacco use is the largest preventable cause of leading death rates. According to Healthy People 2020, tobacco use causes several types of cancer such as lung, stomach, liver, pancreas, kidney, bladder etc. Tobacco use can also lead to heart disease (stroke)
1.3 Association between TB and Tobacco epidemic Since 1918, high prevalence of tobacco use has been identified as a risk factor for tuberculosis. (Webb G. B., 1918) It was much debated later and only recently the association has been given widespread attention by undertaking different kind of studies. Many studies have confirmed exposure to tobacco smoke as one of the risk factor for TB outcomes, after taking in to consideration, other confounder risk factors like socioeconomic status, alcohol use
diagnoses and 27% of all cancer deaths were due to lung cancer. However, after increasing for decades, lung cancer rates decline nationally as fewer people smoke cigarettes (CDC, 2014). Definition Cancer is a disease in which cells in the body grow out of control.
prominent not just in the high income countries but also in low and middle income countries. A major contributor to this is tobacco smoking (Valdes-Salgado, 2010). Tobacco smoking is a deadly habit that is undertaken for various reasons. These include social pressures, stress and also as the result of growing up in a smoking environment. Education and government intervention have been found to be a key factors in reducing smoking within populations, however these are the areas that are lacking in
Background information Tobacco: The outline of the global public health issue Cigarette smoking has been well documented to cause a wide range of health conditions such as heart diseases and respiratory problems and it is a major risk factor for getting various kind of cancers (Simpson & Nonnemaker, 2013). Besides illness and death, there are several research evidences presenting that cigarette smoking results in less productive life years and accountable for mounting unwanted medical costs. Globally
Irham Adhitya S 3617798 “Acknowledging National Tobacco Strategy through Social Democracy Lens “ Introduction Australia is the world leader in tobacco control, as they became the first country that implemented plain package policy. Since December 2012, all tobacco products which are traded and brought to Australia must be in plain packaging in order to implement the National Tobacco Strategy (NTS) 2012 – 2018. (National Tobacco Strategy, 2012, p.27) The range of policies including health signs
Baker County I am using the Mobilize, Analyze, Assess, Plan, Implement and Tract (MAPIT) intervention tool from Healthy People 2020 (People, 2014). I am creating a care plan for my aggregate, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disorder (COPD) in adults living in Baker County Florida. Baker County ranks second in the state of Florida for COPD death rates (Cox, 2015). Baker County is in a rural area and there are not enough health care providers or services for this community. The majority of emergencies
throughout middle and old age. (Novartis Foundation,2009) In other words, for those who smoke cigarettes regularly smoking is, in adult life in the USA, as hazardous as all other causes of death combined, (Novartis foundation,2009) Those killed by tobacco lose an average of 21 years of life.
behavior. Early research on attitudes assumed that they were causally related to behavior; that is, the attitude that people hold determines what they do. Common sense, too, suggests a relationship. Isn’t it logical that people watch television programs that they say they like or that employees try to avoid assignments they find distasteful. However, in the late 1960s, this assumed relationships between attitude and behavior was challenged by a review of the research. Based on an evaluation of
have though of to get rich off those with thin wallets. The poor are stuck because they do not have the means to go elsewhere (" Place matters,," 2008). The epidemiologist Ana Diez-Roux points out that conditions that affluent neighborhoods take for granted that promote better health include clean air, water and living space. When one looks at county maps showing poverty, education, asthma and diabetes rates in Richmond and they are are laid on top of one another, patterns emerge that show that