Alexander The Second Of Macedon

1530 Words Nov 22nd, 2016 7 Pages
Alexander the Third of Macedon, commonly referred to as Alexander the Great, was king of the Ancient Macedon a Greek kingdom upon his father 's death in 336 BCE. Alexander was born the son of King Philip of Macedon in the Greek city of Pella in 356 BCE. He succeeded his father and took reins of Macedon at age twenty. Alexander spent a large majority of his ruling years on an military campaign through Asia and northeast Africa. By 326 BCE at the age of thirty he lead one of the largest empires of the ancient world, that stretched from Greece to northwestern India. He was undefeated in battle and is widely considered one of history 's most successful military commanders. During Alexander’s youth he was tutored by the famous philosopher Aristotle until the age of 16.
After Philip 's assassination in 336 BC, Alexander inherited his father’s strong kingdom and an experienced army. With Alexander’s newly earned generalship of Greece and used his authority to begin his father 's Panhellenic conquest to lead the Greeks to conquer the kingdom of Persia. Alexander and the Macedonians invaded the Achaemenid Empire, then began a series of military campaigns that lasted ten years. Alexander earned the title "the Great" due to his overwhelming skill as a military commander. Despite typically being outnumbered, Alexander of Macedonia never lost a battle. The use of terrain, phalanx and cavalry tactics can be attributed to his success in battle. The Macedonian phalanx, armed with long…
Open Document