An Analysis of Christianity

1094 WordsDec 12, 20125 Pages
1.Beliefs 1.1Jesus Christ Christians believe that, as the Messiah, Jesus was anointed as ruler and savior of humanity, and hold that Jesus ' coming was the fulfilment of messianic prophecies of the Old Testament. The Christian concept of the Messiah differs significantly from the contemporary Jewish concept. The core Christian belief is that, through the death and resurrection of Jesus,sinful humans are reconciled to God and thereby attain salvation and the promise of eternal life. While there have been theological disputes over the nature of Jesus, most Christians believe that Jesus is God incarnate and “true God and true man”.Jesus,having become fully human in all respects, including the aspect of mortality,suffered the pains and…show more content…
The first three are often called synoptic because of the amount of material they share. The rest of the New Testament consists of a sequel to Luke 's Gospel, the Acts of the Apostles, which describes the very early history of the Church, a collection of letters from early Christian leaders to congregations or individuals, the Pauline and General epistles, and the apocalyptic Book of Revelation. Some traditions maintain other canons. The Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church maintains two canons, the Narrow Canon, itself larger than any Biblical canon outside Ethiopia, and the Broad Canon, which has even more books.Mormons hold the Bible and three additional books to be the inspired word of God: the Book of Mormon, the Doctrine and Covenants, and the Pearl of Great Price. 1.6Creeds Creeds, or concise doctrinal statements, began as baptismal formulas and were later expanded during the Christological controversies of the fourth and fifth centuries. The earliest creeds still in common use are the Apostles ' Creed and Paul 's creed. The Nicene Creed, largely a response to Arianism, was formulated at the Councils of Nicaea and Constantinople in 325 and 381 respectively, and ratified as the universal creed of Christendom by the Council of Ephesus in 431. The Chalcedonian Creed, developed at the Council of Chalcedon in 451,(though not accepted by the Oriental Orthodox Churches) taught Christ "to be
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