An Introduction To Psychology . The American Psychological

1758 WordsMay 4, 20178 Pages
An introduction to psychology The American Psychological Association ( APA) defines Psychology as the study of the mind and behavior. It is a discipline embraces the human experience (APA). Psychology was founded in Germnay during the 1879 by Wilhelm Wundt who was conducting a research. There he was opened the first laboratory at the University of Leipzig. Wundt was joined in 1892 by G. Stanley Hall who founded the American Psychological Association. While he served as the president of APA, he contributed to the American Journal Association in 1887 and Journal applied Psychology in 1917 (Anderson 1929).Psycology was established separately from the General science like biology and philosophy. The different schools of psychology was to…show more content…
In other words it takes humanity as a more dominant moral value. He argues that the term is used to describe is works is meaningless and identifies many Christians as being an existentialist. He seems quiet contradicting cause he also argues that this school is a form of atheism. Satre also identified Martin Heidegger who was a German and Albert Camus; a French philosopher as existentialist. According to Aristotle in his book Nicomachean Ethics 2002, he argues that ‘ we are essentially rational animals, so sees flourishing nature in terms of good exercise of our national faculties, and understands ethical virtue as the set of dispositions manifested’. Existentialism believes that individuals are entirely free and must take personal responsibility. It also reacts to philosophy. Existentialism is often established among culture in the way there are identified by the dress code, food and religion. Behaviorism influence and the application of treatment The second school and system identified is the behaviorism. Founded by John B. Watson ; an American Psychologist. It is considered one of the most influenced schools of psychology. It is identified as learning theory that reinforces behavior. There is one theory that the behavior is based on the environment. The term can be defined as a psychological approach that began in 1913 by John Watson. Watson wrote that behaviorism claims the consciousness. Based on his understanding and study of psychology he believed
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