Industrial Park by Patricia Galvao is book referencing to the industrialization going on in Latin America in late 19th century and early 20th. The book goes into both views and lives of the proletariat working class and the bourgeoisie middle to upper class. The book helps with understanding the ghastly and rough working conditions in factories for the working class. The dingy living conditions for workers apposed to the luxury of the bourgeoisie and the wealth they have from the exploitation of workers. The gap in wealth between these groups of the proletariat and bourgeoisie causes discontent as the working class increases opening the door for socialism more specifically communism. The situation for women during this time is especially …show more content…
“The factory owner steals the largest part of the work day from each worker. That’s how he gets rich at our expense.” The workers are forced to work more than thirteen-hour days with little pay. Most of the workers knew how the system worked but if they did complain they would be fired immediately and someone else would do the job. The job market for the majority of an uneducated workforce is a cycle with little pay the workers hardly make little for their family much less to improve there lives. There was hardly any other option for men but to work in factories unless they were upper class women, however could marry into the rich or the much less desired option of being a prostitute. According to the book by Galvao there is a double standard to women who are prostitutes they are called “whores” for having sex for money, but women who have multiple affairs in the upper class are never acknowledged. The proletariat is looked down upon for having to work these tough jobs for little pay while the rich live freely without interruption. The feelings of jealousy toward the bourgeoisie create contempt and animosity between these two groups. “The mansions spend on abundant tables. Factory women work for five years to earn the price of a bourgeoisie dress. They must work their whole lives to buy a cradle.” These budding social classes and ideologies created a clear division between these groups.
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However, what happens when the roles of the classes turn? This is Karl Marx predicts within his book The Communist Manifesto. The proletariats are the class considered to be the working class, right below the bourgeoise in terms of economic gain. Karl Marx discusses the number ratio between the two classes and discloses the fact that the proletariat outnumber the bourgeoise. Within the class is a sense of belonging, the bourgeoise live their lavish lives and have most of the say so when it comes to power. Most laws and regulations work in the favor of the bourgeoise class, while the working proletariat class is the class of struggle. This is where it ties into man’s self-alienation. Marx’s idea that the working man has alienated himself from humanity by becoming a machine of society, no longer being able to think for himself but rather only thinking of survival and mass production. By focusing on production for the bourgeoise, man is unable to relate to himself or others around him. He is alienated in the fact that he no longer belongs to a community but more so to a factory. This is beneficial to the bourgeoise because they would not have to fear the alliance of the workers against them if each worker felt isolated from one another. Karl Marx describes within his book the overview idea of the working man as a tool for production, a machine himself, isolated
Marx describes the problem in great detail in the first chapter. He feels there is a problem between the bourgeoisie and the proletarians. The bourgeoisie were the oppressed class before the French Revolution and he argues that they are now the oppressors. The proletarians are the new working class, which works in the large factory and industries. He says that through mass industry they have sacrificed everything from the old way of religion, employment, to a man’s self worth and replaced it with monetary value. He is mad that the people of ole that use to be upper class such as skills man, trades people, & shopkeepers, are now slipping into the proletarians or working class. He
The women of the story are not treated with the respect, which reflects their social standings. The first image of the women that the reader gets is a typical housewife. They are imaged as “wearing faded house dresses and
Women working men’s jobs were not as welcomed in society as they were in factories. People held on to the belief that women should be house wives and not have to do much in the way of work. The man should provide for the family, and the women should take care of the family. Many of the women who worked were lower class and had to help provide for their families, or were the only providers for their families. Women who worked men’s jobs were looked down upon and thought to be no better than dirt. Although women working in factories were still women, men did not show them the same respect as they did a woman working as a secretary or teacher.
The capitalists and their industries greatly affected many citizens and even their own workers by dehumanizing them. Men would stand outside of factories for days, even weeks, waiting for the chance to get a job. The head of the industries would use this to their advantage by picking the strongest men and paying them a low amount of money and when they become injured or useless, they just hire someone else. The food industries were horrible with how they took care of their workers and their products. “For it was the custom, as they found, whenever meat was so spoiled that it could not be used for anything else, either to can it or else to chop it up into
It was made up of people who did not make enough farming so they had to work in dangerous factories. The people of the lower class also had unsanitary living conditions because there jobs at the factories had little pay. Document 8 is an article about the conditions of the housing in the lower class. It states “..one penetrates into this chaos of small one-storied, one-roomed hits, in the most with no artificial floor, kitchen, living and sleeping-room all in one”. This house that was described is called tenets. The tenets were cramped and unsanitary for people of the lower class to live in. It caused a lot of diseases because of poor sanitary and tight living areas. Document 7 shows a dirty bar in a lower class neighborhood. The bar looks run down and the people look dirty and ragged. On the far right side a little girl is in the bar which shows that the family cannot afford a nanny to look after the kids while the they go out. Documents 5 and 9 show the working conditions of the lower class. The article on Document 5 says “..or from painful repetition of efforts which distorts or wear out his frame”. When the writer says “painful repetition” he refers to the painful work that occurs everyday long and hard hours, that the members of the lower class experienced. Document 9 depicts kids dirty and unhappy at work in the factories. The lower class kids had it worse because they worked 16 hours a day, 6 days a week. They got
While some might argue that Industrialization had primarily negative consequences for society because of the horrible working conditions, it was actually a positive thing for society; Industrialization’s positive effects were the production increases, more efficient transportation and better living conditions. The assembly line and factories were forms of production increase. The railroads and automobiles are examples of efficient transportation, and tenements and urban renewal are examples of better living conditions. These come to show that the industrial revolution was a major improvement in product distribution, transportation and living quarters.
In The Paradise of the Bachelors and Tartarus of Maids Melville demonstrates how the oppressive power of the upper class over the working class, molds and kill the social, emotional and physical life of the working class while they benefit from it. Melville depicts how industrialism created an economic separation of classes that although seemed unrelated and contradictory in their different spaces, both sustained each other. The upper class, the bachelors, needed the labor of the lower class to maintain the wealthy life they had and the lower class, the maids, survived with the small wages gained with their labor. In order for the upper class to continuously enjoy their privilege, they had to exploit in any way possible the working class.
“The working class was divided into various subgroups and categories, determined in this case by skill, wages, gender, and workplace.” (Coffin and Stacey. Western Civilizations.) The places people were working at were atrocious.
One way women battled the discrimination was by asserting their working rights. During the industrialization era “managers deskilled production,” therefore “the ranks of factory workers [included] more and more women” who were paid low wages (Henretta, 553). However, women faced criticism of men who argued that they belong at home. Despite the opposition,”woman vigorously defended their right to work”(Henretta, 553). They also participated in the strikes to gain “higher wages and shorter hours” for their long, hard work (Drehle, 86). In general the importance of women working and participating in the
Another concept that brought about inequality among the bourgeoisie and proletariat is the labour theory of value. As stated in the textbook Classical and Contemporary Sociological Theory, “One of the basic truths of capitalism is that it takes money to make money, and the more money a business owner has at his or her disposal, the more ability the business owner has to generate profit-making schemes” (Appelrouth and Edles: 25). In this case, the bourgeoisies are at a benefit as they own the means of production, while the proletariat are at a disadvantage as they don’t have capital to make money. Marx’s ‘general formula for capital’ explains the class and power relations that predominate in modern capitalist society through the formula M-C-M. Marx describes this law of value to be beneficial to the bourgeoisies as they increase profits and capital. Bourgeoisies are able to do this because they have the money (M) to buy capital, which converts their money into commonality (C), which they then use to produce other commodities that are sold for money (M). Bourgeoisies predominate the proletariats through power relations as the formula is inversed for the working class, C-M-C. The working class sells their labour through commodity (C), which then is exchanged for money (M) and used to buy commodities (C) necessary for survival. The C-M-C
In “A Sweatshop Romance” by Cahan, certain situations relate to the middle class in the 20th century. The employees of the “Sweatshop” were not paid based on how many hours they worked but instead by the amount of coats they were able to manufacture. Mrs Lipman, a woman from a poor town in Western Russia tried to use her coat-making business to bring herself to an “equal social position” to that of her visitors’. Many of her employees felt insulted by her actions and refused to allow themselves to be treated as servants in front of
Border town, is a place where money and power speak louder than human rights, where corruption plays a huge role. The maquiladora industry’s owners do not offer any sort of protection for their workers, and as a result every female worker puts her life in jeopardy daily. The industry’s owners are more concerned with themselves, and do not provide any sort of security for their female employees.
Instead, the business owners made choices for them and used the workers for their own rewards. The bourgeoisie were the owners "the formation of the bourgeoisie public sphere was ideological to the extent that it secured the domination of one class over another."3 The problem with the bourgeoisie class was that they saw no wrong in their system because they reasoned it to be the right way. The owners controlled the means of production, but it was the people under them that actually knew what they were doing. The oppressed people were controlled by the oppressors and could not make decisions about the work they did, political matters, or equality in the workplace but held the responsibility of making the businesses successful. There was huge clashing between the workers and the owners because the owners made the choices while the workers were forced to take responsibility for them.
The workers were, in general, unskilled and often repeated the same series of actions for 12 hours a day. The owners were the people profiting the most from this system. Because the common worker was so easy to come by and easy to underpay, the owners could have a higher profit. All of this and child labor too. Children and women were under paid even more so than men. Urbanization forced the creation of working class districts. These slums had no running water, diseases such as small pox and typhus were commonplace, people were clustered around the factories creating crowded flats and mortality rates were incredibly high. Marx and others saw capitalism as going hand-in-hand with these horrors.