The Executive Summary
Public Policy Analysis & Planning
Dr. Rick Humphress
Opioids abuse is becoming a serious problem among the youth and those it is prescribed to. Sixty three percent of drug overdoses in the year 2015 were due to opioid abuse. There is help for those who are addicted to opioids such as behavioral health and medications, but most don’t have access to it. There have been efforts by the Department of Health and Human Services to provide grants to areas where the medications and therapy are not as accessible compared to other communities. In addition to this effort granting additional providers the…show more content… Some of the grant awards were made in 2015, while others were made as recently as May 2017. As of August 2017, efforts under all the grant programs were continuing. Grant recipients can use funding to start a variety of activities, such as hiring and training providers and supporting treatments involving MAT. Certain providers and grant recipients are also required to develop plans for preventing MAT medications from being used for nonmedical purposes(GAO Reports,2017).
During the twentieth century, opioids were mainly used for the treatment of short-term pain or to comfort the suffering of terminally ill patients. Throughout the 2000s, Purdue actively marketed its controlled-release opioid Oxycontin as a safe and nonaddictive treatment for chronic pain. Other drug manufacturers soon followed suit, this move is what many public health experts believe is one of the root causes of the current opioid epidemic(McCoy,2014).
In 2015 the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) conducted a survey interview to estimate the frequency of prescription opioid use, misuse, and use disorders and motivations for misuse among U.S. adults. There were 51,200 eligible adults who completed the survey interview. The NSDUH found that the most commonly reported motivation for misuse was to relieve physical pain (63.4%). Misuse and use disorders were most commonly reported in adults who were uninsured, were unemployed, had low income, or had