In Act One of Candide, there is four scenes, the first scene is entitled Westphalia, when the scene is first introduced the music has a happy sound, similar to that of circus music and as the introduction goes on the music goes from an allegro tempo to a peaceful and dream like piano sound and grave tempo. As the music continues to come in the lights continue to brighten on stage as well as if the music and lights are tied together. As the cast came out they performed the opening song during this song they harmonized really well. In Scene One the audience is introduced to the Baron and Baroness of Westphalia, Baron Thunder-ton-Tronck and Baroness; the Baron is a baritone, his voice is low but not low enough to be a bass; the Baroness is a …show more content…
During a later part of Scene Two when the cast is dancing the movements match the music, they appeared to be doing the Waltz, so the music had abrupt changes. In Scene Three: Cadiz, the orchestra plays some sad and somber music at the beginning. As the scene progresses the music goes from dark and dismal to happy and cheerful. During one of the songs of Scene Four: Paris the Old Lady, Cunegonde and Candide were discussing a flight and the music being played by the orchestra matched the lyrics bringing the idea of a flight to life. The Old Lady has a mezzo soprano voice she executes all of her notes well in the song. At the end of scene three Candide, Cunegonde, and the Old Lady leave to go to a new place and in the song they sing there are rounds, which were well executed. It helped change the mood again which brightened up the audience. In Act Two, Scene One: Buenos Aires, the music has a fast tempo and the music is being played at a forte level, as the music continues it suddenly softens to piano and the tempo slows down. Later in the scene during one of the songs you could hear a washing board being played which added a new sound to the music the audience was hearing. When the audience is being introduced to the Commander, a song that has a Spanish sound is
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The music throughout the performance is by The Rolling Stones. The first song, “Little Red Rooster” is very laid back and lazy sounding. It has a slow but consistent tempo throughout the song. The second song, “Lady Jane” has a very slow tempo. This is possibly because it contains lots partner work. The third song, “Not Fade Away” is significantly faster than the previous songs. There is also lots of clapping in time with the music which gives it a kind of celebratory feel. The fourth song, “As Tears Go By” once again has a slow tempo. It has a very relaxed feel at the same time as being sad. This assists in developing the choreographers’ intent because in this section the female dancer is being rejected. The fifth song, “Paint it Black” is where the first costume change takes
Voltaire’s Candide portrays an exaggerated image of human cruelty and suffering in the world. Specifically, Voltaire criticizes people’s lack of willingness to prevent suffering, and their tendency to accept the idea that there is nothing anyone can do about human outcomes. He upholds his belief that practical ways of solving problems generate improvement. He believes that human indifference and inaction cause suffering to carry on. Voltaire’s believes that naïve optimism, absolute pessimism, cruel indifference, and lack of reason hinder positive and constructive change.
Man is plagued with his own desire, leading to corruption and hypocrisy that pollutes the known world. In this world, men are met with tragedy, ranging from natural or Godly devastation, to the constructs he places on himself and to which he forces himself to conform. However, many of them still refuse to acknowledge this adversity, pursuing blind optimism. In his satirical novel, Candide, Voltaire exposes the foolishness of men and highlights the self-destructive nature of the world, thereby challenging the concept of blind optimism and arguing that one can be aware of their world and still enjoy life in it. Most specifically, Voltaire criticizes German philosopher Gottfried Leibniz’s through his own Leibnizian optimism, that this “is the best of all possible worlds”. Voltaire successfully refutes such ideology through the journey of his naive adventurer, Candide, and eventually settles that one can lead a happy life without being blindly optimistic.
Voltaire wrote Candide in 1759. When reading Candide, you will notice that it has a satirical tone. It is a satirical piece because of its syntax, irony, paradox, and diction. In this particular quote from Voltaire’s Candide, we see the old woman’s point of view. Throughout the book, we see the character Candide and his loved ones enjoying wealth and possessions.
After being exposed for kissing Miss Cunegund the baron banishes Candide from the castle. This event embarks Candide’s miraculous misfortunes into the real world where he is then forced to reevaluate Pangloss’s teachings. Soon after Candide’s expulsion he finds himself enlisted into the Bulgarian army where he is absurdly abused and nearly executed before escaping to Holland.
In the complication of the story, Voltaire has every possible thing go wrong with Candide to happen. For the simple reason that there is a very little chance of all of those things to happen to one person at one time, these scenes are so ridiculous that it cannot be conceivable without mockery. The climax could easily be considered the most satirical part of the story. The whole story revolves around Candide making his way to Cuńegonde, but instead ends with her being an unattractive old lady that was only loved for her looks. The ending is contradictory to say the least. Everyone that survived up to this point is useful on the little farm, and if it were not for all of the predicaments that took place, none of them would be there. Voltaire has Martin describe how everyone has their own job and talents all while also pointing out their faults and hardships. It is for this reason, and because it is brief and easy to read, that makes Candide the fantastical story that it
Candide falls in love with his cousin Cunegunde and when caught kissing her is thrown out of his uncle’s home. Candide at this time in the story has no true understanding of the world and this leads him from bad to worse. He is tossed in the army where Voltaire shows that there is no winning in war and that the army can be a savage place. Candide is almost killed by his fellow soldiers for the simple act of taking a walk and later after running from the army sees the horrors of war after discovering two villages. The two villagers are on opposite sides of the war; but both have been plundered, men and children killed, and the women raped. During the entire story Candide finds himself is horrible situations like this; however he is able to stay true to the belief that he is living in the best of all possible works because after each hardship he finds some sort of out. Pangloss in Candide’s teacher and represent intellectuals of that time. He believes that with no doubt he is living in best of all possible worlds, however he is a simple-minded man who is somewhat blind to things happening around him. He ignores his own
Voltaire wrote "Candide" as a response to the optimistic philosophy taking place in the mid seventy century. In 1956 Leonard Bernstein produced a Broadway version of this text. After that, several more version were produced until reaching the final edition played at the New York Philharmonic in 2005. Voltaire's Candide targets the ¬¬¬¬¬philosophical beliefs of the period while Bernstain's play adjusts the scenes to the context of the new audience for which is performed. For an audience watching "Candide" in 2014, however, other adjustments are necessary.
Voltaire presents his magnum opus Candide as a satirical assault onto Leibnizian optimism, a philosophy based on living in the best of all possible worlds. Voltaire uses Candide to satirize the foolishness of overarching optimism, and persuades the audience to examine the philosophy pragmatically. Moreover, Voltaire’s most cunning use of satire is in chapter four of Candide in which Pangloss and Candide reunite. This scene encapsulates the entirety of Voltaire’s opinion and does so by justifying the “need” of syphilis in their society and through the anguish brought onto Candide from learning of his lover’s demise.
Candide (1759) is a satirical bildungsroman written by French philosopher and writer Voltaire. The novel reflects the general doctrines of individualism, religion, and liberty which encapsulate the literary movement in the Age of Enlightenment. This is exemplified by the philosophical journey of the protagonist Candide: being a victim to harsh realities and encountering different utopia’s. In this novel, Voltaire draws upon the ethics of German philosopher Leibniz: “Le meilleur des mondes possibles” – using it as the philosophy of the sub-plot character Pangloss, whom Voltaire openly mocks. There are three main locations which I will expand upon, influenced by happiness: Candide’s initial home in the story, Thunder-ten-tronckh– the Baron’s
Below the yellowed circular orb amongst the stars, the only source of light that night, stood two peculiar looking men. One going by the name of Candide and the other by Hamlet. The two men looked upon one another with the same face of bewilderment. Ten minutes passed with the two men staring at one another both with dumbfounded expressions fixed upon their faces. It wasn’t until the metal between the bell tower met the bell forcing a harsh “clang” signifying that it was now midnight. The two jumped out of their hypnotic trance, with a light scream almost exiting the mouth of Candide. Hamlet was the first to break the silence, “Well obviously you must be the one to perform this task”, he said with a sly look fixed upon his face, “You are far greater than I, for you have only merely fainted
Voltaire had once said “I disapprove of what you say, but will defend to the death your right to say it.” This quote itself is representative of who Voltaire was, a man who was vocal and an activist. Born in 1694, Voltaire was set out to become a well known writer and contributor to the Enlightenment. Voltaire had written many books, but his most well known novel was Candide. This book was written as a satirical response to the philosophy of complete optimism championed by scholars, particularly Philosopher Leibniz. Throughout this novel, Voltaire utilizes the literary genre of Bildungsroman to set a framework for criticizing Leibniz’s philosophy. Bildungsroman novels are characterized by “the development of a young person...attempting to learn the nature of the world” (Hofeditz). The main rites of passage are: birth, the teacher, love, and marriage. The main character in Voltaire’s novel, Candide, sets on a journey of finding love and gaining maturation, teaching readers that “nothing is perfect, life is worth living nonetheless” (Academy).
In Candide, Voltaire introduces many different characters, some which represent the implementation of mockery and sarcasm. The role of Pangloss in particular embodies this portrayal of satire towards the Enlightenment. Voltaire uses his book to reflect his own critical view of the time period, mostly against those who were reluctant to change their methods of thinking. Much of this judgment is through the commentary of Pangloss, Candide’s tutor and the Baron’s philosopher, who seems to always have an optimistic view even in the worst situations possible and refuses to see it any other way; this can be interpreted as a metaphor for the Enlightenment.
The performance begins in a small little German country side village. All of the characters dressed in vividly colored attire, frolic happily across the stage in trios. The bright colors of the background and the calm music paying from the orchestra aided in depicting fairy tale-like scene around the dancers in order to show it is a time of peace and joy. The main character Giselle, played by Svetlana Zakharova, and Albrecht, played by Roberto Bolle, meet and dance together, in traditional