Analyzation of Descartes’ Argument on Dualism for Mind and Body

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Dualism is a theory which says that mind and body are two distinct kinds of reality and the self is a mind which has a close “association” with a body. In this essay I will analyze Descartes’ argument on dualism for mind/ and body. Moreover, I will argue that Descartes’ argument on mind and body is not successful.
First, I will analyze Descartes’ argument for the dualism of the mind and body. Descartes argument goes as follows that the mind and body must be two separate substances because body is divisible but the mind is indivisible. He says that “when I consider the mind, that is, when I consider myself in so far only as I am a thinking thing, I can distinguish in myself no parts” (Meditation VI, section 19). That’s when Descartes adopted the method of doubt. So the question here is as follows “why Descartes adopted method of doubt?” His main goal was to reconstruct his knowledge based on clear and certain ideas. But on the other hand, he says, “quite the opposite holds in corporeal or extended things; “for I cannot imagine any one of them [how small so ever it may be], which I cannot easily sunder in thought, and which, therefore, I do not know to be divisible” (Ibid). In these quotations, Descartes states that mind and body are thought of differently. This part is very important because it shows that his argument for the mind and body actually being distinct substances relies on the fact that mind and body must be thought of indifferent ways, as indivisible and

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