Ancient Egyptians On The Afterlife

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The ancient Egyptians had specific views on the afterlife, which they showed in their art and architectural work. They are noted for their extensive beliefs regarding the soul of the dead that they would spend time and effort in constructing quality funerary objects. Funerary objects of which those who were alive would be conscious of, especially since the objects were involved in rituals the living would take part in. During the middle kingdom, Egyptians would do a pilgrimage to Abydos in upper Egypt to participate in a festival that honored Osiris, God of the underworld. Stelae would be displayed in chapels in the city that partook in the celebration of Osiris. (http://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/544320) Amongst those stelae was the Stela of the Steward Mentuwoser (figure 1), which depicted a funerary banquet to an honorary official during the second intermediate period of the twelve dynasty. Senusret I presented this painted limestone stela to Mentuwoser while he was alive in order to show his appreciation for his work, and to ensure him that the presence of his image during a festival would bring upon nourishment and rebirth of his ka, an individuals spiritual entity. Stela of Steward Mentuwoser is dated 1944 BCE. It depicts Mentuwoser’s son, daughter, and father all honoring him differently. Mentuwoser’s son directs his spirit, while his daughter kneels before him holding a lotus flower. Above them is Mentuwoser’s father who is offering the food and jugs.
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