Ap Psychology Review Packet

12425 WordsMay 13, 201350 Pages
1.Absolute Threshold: the minimum stimulation needed to detect a particular stimulus 50% of the time. 2.Accommodation: the process by which the eye's lens changes shape to focus near or far images on the retina. 3.Acetylcholine: neurotransmitter that enables muscle action, learning and memory. 4.Achievement Motivation: desire for accomplishment. 5.Achievement Test: an exam designed to test what a person has earned. 6.Acoustic Encoding: encoding of sound, especially words. 7.Acquisition: the initial stage when one links a neutral stimulus and an unconditioned stimulus. 8.Action Potential: a neural impulse; a brief electrical charge that travels down an axon. 9.Activation Synthesis: theory that REM sleep triggers neural firing that evokes…show more content…
41.Broca's Area: controls language expression; area of the frontal lobe of the left hemisphere. 42.Cannon-Baird Theory: emotion arousing stimulus triggers physiological response and subjective experience of emotion. 43.Case Study: an observational technique in which one person id studied in depth in the hope of revealing universal principles. 44.Central Nervous System: the brain and spinal cord. 45.Cerebellum: the "little brain" at the rear of the brainstem; processes sensory input and coordinates movement output and balance. 46.Cerebral Cortex: the intricate fabric of interconnected neural cells covering the cerebral hemispheres; the body's ultimate control and information-processing center. 47.Change Blindness: failing to notice changes in the environment 48.Charles Darwin: argued that natural selection shapes behaviors as well as bodies. 49.Chunking: organizing items into familiar, manageable units; often occurs automatically. 50.Circadian Rhythm: the biological clock; regular bodily rhythms that occur on a 24-hour cycle 51.Classical Conditioning: one learns to link two or more stimuli and anticipate future events. 52.Clinical Psychology: a branch of psychology that studies, assesses, and treats psychological disorders. 53.Cochlea: a coiled, bony, fluid-filled tube in the inner ear through which sound waves trigger neural impulses. 54.Cochlear Implant: device for converting sounds into electrical signals and stimulating the auditory nerve through

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