Arab – Israeli wars have dominated the Middle East for over 30 years ever since Israel became an independent state. Starting with the first Arab – Israeli war in 1948 to the most recent war, the Yom Kippur war in 1973, and possible wars and conflicts in the future. In order to better predict future confrontations it is important, for us as a military, to understand the implications and consequences of these wars. To understand the rise in tensions between Israel and the Arab world we must go back to the beginning when Israel first became a state. In November of 1947, the UN adopted UN Resolution 181 that broke up Great Britain’s former Palestinian mandate into Jewish and Arab states in May of the following year. At the time …show more content…
At the time Israel, was looking to overthrow the Egyptian President and with secret meetings with Great Britain and France, set out to attack on 29 October 1957. Marching across the Sinai Peninsula and reaching within 10 miles of the canal, Israeli Defense Forces (IDF) halted their advance when French and British paratroopers deployed to the canal in an effort to protect it from belligerents (Israel and Egypt) on 31 October. The French, British and Israeli forces in secret meetings held previously to the engagement preplanned this staging of their forces in order to keep control of the canal. On November 6th the United Nations passes another resolution for a ceasefire. The land held at the time of the ceasefire by Israel is slowly handed back over the years leading up to the 6 day War in 1967. In the middle of May 1967, Egypt takes drastic action based on false reports provided by the Soviets. The reports claim that Israel is massing troops along the Egyptian and Syrian borders. In response, Egypt closes the Straits of Tiran, the only waterway between the Gulf of Aqaba and the Red Sea. Israel sees this as an act of war and on June 5th launches attacks against Egypt, Syria, and Jordan. By June 10th, when an armistice was signed Israel only suffered 115 dead while the combined number of losses for Egypt, Syria and Jordan totaled more than 17,000. Israel did however loses
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The Yom Kippur War happened in October 1973, which involved the Arabs and the Israelis, as well as two superpowers, the USA and the USSR. At the end of the war, the Israelis had won. However, the Israeli government and people were shocked by how the Arabs did. The Yom Kippur War has led to a number of effects on the Arab-Israeli relations, which can be classified as two aspects, short term and long term.
A popular and most recent debate has been whether Israel should exist as a state. Currently, Israel is the only country in the world that has a relatively extensive Jewish population. More recently, Israel has been combatting against Palestinian soldiers in Gaza to prevent attacks on Israel coming from the Palestinian Government. This war has gone on for quite some time now; for years, actually. But how did this conflict develop? It certainly didn’t happen overnight.
Following the partition plan in 1947, the state of Israel was created in 1948. I will be discussing the extent to which the creation of Israel was a turning point throughout a hundred year period. The conflict can be split up into 3 different strands which include: Arab Israeli, Palestinian-Israeli, Western involvement. The Arab-Israeli conflict is the regional conflict that erupts in 1948 when the newly created Arab states invade Israel and is partially resolved by 1996. The Palestinian-Israeli conflict is the local conflict throughout the 100 year period between the native Palestinians and the Israeli’s, it is still unresolved. Western involvement represents the foreign nations that were associated in the conflict. My main argument is that the creation of Israel was the principle turning point for the Arab-Israeli dispute strand because; it transformed a civil war to an interstate conflict. I also feel that it was the principle turning point for the Palestinian-Israeli strand because, it saw a huge change in policy and led to the dissolution of the Palestinian people with many fleeing into surrounding Arab nations, this is known as the Palestinian problem. The Suez crisis was the pivotal moment for the Western Involvement strand because it saw a new era with the start of the Cold War’s influence in the Arab-Israeli conflict.
What do you think about the conflicts with the Arab and Israelis conflict going on in the now what’s called the country of Israel? The Arab and Israelis were constantly arguing and fighting over the country of Israel mainly because of the holy city of both religions Israel. I believe that there are 3 main conflicts one of the first reasons is because both groups were fighting over the country of Israel because of the holy city of Jerusalem. Another reason is because Britain had promised both groups the land of Israel. Finally is that the Jews had went into Palestine and kicked people out of the country.
When the Israeli-Palestinian conflict is mentioned, many people cringe. This topic is the center of controversy and the main topic of discussion at peace meetings. Although several meetings have taken place over time to resolve this conflict, fighting continues to rage on. This dispute between the Israelis and Palestinians threatens the entire world. Now with access to nuclear warheads and chemical weapons, this quarrel could easily get out of hand and affect the entire world. Although most people have heard about the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, they do not truly know the history and actual events of this age-old war.
Throughout the 20th Century relations between Arabs and Israelis in Palestine have undergone immense tension, change and deterioration, with both parties facing many barriers to peace. Foreign intervention is often listed as one such barrier to this peace. While the importance of foreign intervention cannot be omitted, other factors can be argued to have been both equally and more detrimental to the peace process. These include the founding of the Haganah, the 1948 War after the declaration of the State of Israel, and the rise of political extremism. The aim of this essay is to identify
In 1976, Israeli Prime minister Yitzhak Rabin ordered invasions of Arabic nations. These invasions led to the rescue of several Israeli hostages who were hijacked by Palestinian terrorists in Entebbe, Uganda (Blumberg, 1998, p.127). The first Arab leader to visit Israel was Egyptian President Anwar Sadat in 1977. Sadat joined Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin and United States President Jimmy Carter in 1978 to sign the Camp David Accords. Under the Camp David Accords Egypt recognized Israel’s existence. Israel in return would agree to give back the part of the Sinai Peninsula it still occupied. Sadat and Begin also agreed that there was a need for independence for Palestinians. This was significant as it was the first time an Arab country would sign a peace treaty with Israel. The Egyptian-Israeli Peace Treaty was signed in Washington D.C., which was to end thirty years of hostility
It started off with a few small attacks with mortars and artillery fire but these attacks ended quickly. However, one day Israel attacked with their planes which bombarded a 15 mile stretch in Egypt. It seemed that Israel was content with a defensive war this event went against this belief. The War only lasted a short period but infuriated the Arab countries and Faisal realized America was doing nothing to encourage Israel to find peace. After the Six-Days war Arab countries were furious and started to threaten the U.S. to try and make them follow through with their
The Arab-Israeli conflict has been an ongoing issue from the 1800s. The conflict is based on the struggle for land for both the Jews and the Arabs. When the 1947 partition plan was established by the United Nations to split Palestine into two states, the Palestinian Arab people ended up with less land than the Jewish (Jewish- 56 percent and Arabs- 43 percent of Palestine). This decision lead to war between the two groups, meaning that there was no peace.
Not just the Egyptian air force that is destroyed by Israel's Air force, but also striking on other Arabian neighbors, like Jordan Air Forces (Westwood 87). There are some of the Arab Army are delaying the Israel's advance army in hopes to counter-attack after attacking Israel's convey by the Egyptian Aircraft (Westwood 91). On the Israel's Air force, they're able to destroy several of the Arab Army's convey and others (Westwood 92). On the ground operation by the Israel's Mechanized Army, they are all full scale offensive against the Arab Army by moving into the West bank (Oren 254). The conflict between an Arab Army and the Israel Army are battling each other in the Jordan Valley and bridge was destroyed by the Israel ground units (Oren 257). As it continues on the first operation by the Israel Army, the Arab Army is having a hard time dealing with advanced Israel military forces, even though Arab's military is a
Egypt, along with neighboring Arab nations aligning with the Soviets because of their “opposition to imperialism”, or a “revisionist orientation”. Israel, under the pretense of protection, aligned with the United States, a “status quo” position. This ideological contrast leading to many military and diplomatic conflicts in the months preceding the Six-Day war. The largest of which being the Egyptian blockade of the straits of Tiran, depriving Israel of its largest shipping route, along with an Israeli counter blockage. Both sides justifying their actions under pretense of the opposite sides vice. This ideological conflict, directly resultant of the Cold War, allowed for hostility and eventually war to take place in the region, and gave justification for the aggression on both
The 1973 Arab-Israeli War, also known as the Yom Kippur War was a war that was fought by an alliance between Arab nations against the State of Israel. The war was fought between the 6th and the 25th of October, 1973. It began as the Arabic alliance launched a surprise attack on Israeli territories during the holiest day of the Judaic calendar, Yom Kippur. Egyptians started their attack from the Sinai Peninsula on the 6th with Syria attacking simultaneously from the Golan Heights. These two regions had been captured by Israel during the six day war in 1967. The Soviet Union and the United States engaged in a major effort to resupply their respective allies, leading to a near nuclear confrontation between the two countries. This paper seeks to explore the extent that the outcome of this War served the political objectives of the principal participants.
The conflict between Israel and Palestine is just one of the many facets that have shaped modern day politics in the Middle East. It is a conflict rooted in generations of violence, discrimination and prejudice that is complicated by a history older than any of the modern day superpowers. Ever since the creation of the state of Israel by the 1947 UN partition of Palestine
After more than 50 years of war, terrorism, peace negotiation and human suffering, Israel and Palestine remain as far from a peaceful settlement as ever. The entire Middle Eastern region remains a cauldron waiting to reach the boiling point, a potent mixture of religious extremism, (Jewish, Christian and Islamic), mixed with oil and munitions.
The year 1970 found the Arab states still in a tumultuous condition. The Arabs abused the Palestinians constantly and there seemed to be no end in sight. In September that same year, King Hussein felt especially threatened and commanded a virtual slaughter of the Palestinians. Thousands were massacred leading to surrender of some and was called “Black September” based on the number of viciousness of the attacks and the number of casualties (Karsh, 2014).