Aristotle 's Philosophy Of Aristotle

1725 Words Nov 6th, 2015 7 Pages
I will be discussing what makes a person moral or just according to Aristotle. In addition, I will talk about what Aristotle believes is the explanation and cause for bad moral choices. In order to answer these questions, however, we must first learn about how Aristotle approached philosophy. Aristotle was a student of Plato, and as one might expect, he is a virtue theorist much like his mentor. This means that he emphasizes virtues and moral character and that the best way to resolve moral questions is by focusing on the moral agent. However, unlike Plato who is a rationalist, Aristotle is an empiricist. Since he is an empiricist, he uses his senses to first to observe the world, then later uses reason to understand it. It is because of these two reasons that he will develop his definition of a moral and just person which to him is someone who follows the Golden Mean. The Golden Mean is the cornerstone of Aristotle’s entire argument of what makes a person just and it is defined as the idea that all actions have a middle ground that lie in a mean and that virtue is this mean which lies between two extremes. The first step in understanding exactly what the Golden Mean is, and thus determining what makes a person virtuous, is to look at what makes up the basis of the Golden Mean: happiness.
According to Aristotle, each action that we do has an end that is further and further than the last. It is like when a child asks why. It starts with the kid asking a simple question and…
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