Aristotle's Doctrine of the Mean

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In this essay we will discuss and analyze Aristotle’s Doctrine of the Mean. This topic area can be found in Book II, page 888, 6—15, through 890, 25. The purpose for Aristotle touching on this subject matter was to discern the states of character which are virtuous from those which are not. By this, I mean he is attempting to categorize which virtues are causal of a human “to be in a good state and to perform their functions well”(888—15). In order to keep this paper orderly and comprehensible, we will work in chronological order through Aristotle’s variety of premises and conclusions which lead to his main idea which is ––––––––––––. Aristotle begins his discussion on deficiency, intermediate, and excess by introducing what he is…show more content…
We can prove this by looking at the opposite situation and reducing it down to an absurdity. Suppose one is dining in a fine restaurant. Also suppose the perfect amount of steak to eat relative to him is 3 ounces and he orders a steak of the finest quality but the portion served is 6 ounces. 6 ounces in this case is considered excess and 0 ounces considered deficient. He should restrict eating the entire portion for if he did he may feel excessively full and therefore the steak which was once the finest now seems to him the worst. If he did not eat any at all he would not accomplish his goal of nursing himself. It seems so then that deficiency or excess may also cause one to be in a state of false reality. This concept is what Aristotle is explaining when he refers to ruining a good result. The person who is align with the intermediate is therefore closer to truth. However, returning back to Pythagorean terminology, Aristotle divulges into what is limited versus unlimited. The former being the good and the latter being badness. It follows that the good is what is few and more difficult to realize and bad is what is great and easy to realize. Let us now look to another example to demonstrate our understanding. Suppose we are looking at someone preparing for a test. If he is to study day in and day out he is likely to become tired, resulting in a poor score. This is the excess and
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