Art Of The Greeks And Romans

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Youth to Wisdom: Art of the Greeks and Romans
“The city’s empire stretched from the western Mediterranean to the Black Sea, creating enormous wealth” (Art of the Ancient Mediterranean). Though that statement speaks to Greece under Athens governance of the 5th century B.C., it also accurately reflects the rule of the Roman Empire during the Roman Republic. Having conquered all around them, the Greeks and the Romans at the height of their empires governed vast territories, which allowed for the gathering of assets and resources needed for the commissioning of beautiful pieces of art. The Romans had a great affinity for the Greeks, especially Greek art as is seen in the influence of and the commissioning of art by Romans to mimic many of
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He describes how Polykleitus’ work, such as the Doryphorus, is carved with thought to how each element and part connects to the next, making each body part and element perfectly proportionate to the next which in turn makes the statue itself perfectly proportionate and aesthetically pleasing. Although this is a shift from what was previously considered the perfect statue, the Greeks still idealize the unflawed unblemished image to an even greater degree. While the Romans did not share the Greeks desirability for the forever young, flawlessly idealized man, they did share the same fascination in sculpting the perfect resemblance of man to their own ideals and principles.
For centuries the Romans had commissioned sculptures inspired by the Greeks, included many re-creations of Polykleitus’ Doryphorus. Yet with the rise of the Roman Republic c.a. 509 B.C. “public sculpture included honorific portrait statues of political officials or military commanders erected by the order of their peers in the Senates”(Trentinella). Due to previous corruption in the government, and the lack of consideration for the common class, the Roman people began to scrutinize those who ruled. Historians have noticed this revolution, correlating with the growth of the city-states governing system, reflected regularly
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