Assess and explain the impact of social class on inequalities in educational outcomes.

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Assess and explain the impact of social class on inequalities in educational outcomes.

A good education is vital in succeeding within many industries in the UK, from Business to Medicine, Politics to Art. It unfortunately does not come as a surprise that only 58.6% of students attained 5 or more GCSE’s at grades A* to C (Department for Education 2012). In comparison, albeit falling this year on previous years, 94.4% of students in private schools attained the same results (The Independent 2012a). Following the recent recession, Social mobility has begun to decline and is lower today than it was thirty years ago. It is now less likely that a child of parents in a low-income bracket will rise to the top-income bracket than it was in
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Through their financial advantage, upper and middle classes can afford to provide their children with numerous key advantages within the educational system, ranging from technology to fully immersive experiences such as Holidays abroad. Those who have a considerable financial capital are also known to enrol their children in extra-curricular activities such as sports; one third of Team GB in the 2012 Olympic games were privately educated (Guardian 2012c). Financial capital seems to be the catalyst for creating the class divides we see today. A higher financial capital enables them to pay for premium services and education unavailable to the wider population, which breeds social reproduction. As well as having financial advantages, the upper and middle classes have significant cultural and social advantages over the working class. These advantages, like those presented by higher economical capital are present from a very young age. By the age of four, a professional’s child will have had 50million words addressed to them, a working-class child, 30 million and a Welfare child, just 12 million. This same study showed that at the age of three the professional’s child had a bigger vocabulary than the parent of the welfare child (Guardian 2004). This is most likely because the upper class can afford
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