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Autonomies In 'You Are What You Tweet !'

Decent Essays
Respect for persons is one of the basic ethical principles. According to the Belmont Report, “Respect for persons incorporates at least two ethical convictions: first, that individuals should be treated as autonomous agents, and second, that persons with diminished autonomy are entitled to protection. “(The Belmont Report, n.p.) It emphasizes that the participants in a human research should be respected as independent individuals with autonomies. Some people might understand the term “respect for persons” is only to respect every participant and their opinion in the research. However, respect for persons also required researchers to characterize participants and identify whether they are with autonomies or not. Not everyone is capable for…show more content…
So the researchers need to use people’s tweets at that time as their research resource. Even though it is legal for the researchers to republish Twitter users’ tweets according to Twitter Terms of Service, some users might not be willing to republish their tweets or republish their tweets with their usernames. The researchers have to ask the users’ opinions whether they are willing to republish their tweets for respecting the users’ autonomies. When the researchers acknowledge autonomy, they have to inform the users whose tweets will be republished that the purpose and goals of the research, what information the researchers are looking for in their tweet, and the target and potential audience of the research in order to protect the users’ autonomies. For example, some users might not want their acquaintance or parents who don’t use social media to know that they were in a dangerous situation at 2012, because they don’t want their acquaintance or parents to worry. At this time, they would like to know the target and potential audience of the research. Some users need to know the purpose and goals of the research because they need to ensure that the researchers won’t damage their reputation by using…show more content…
For example, a woman who has a five years old daughter buys a pepper spray for self-defence. Most of the customers for pepper sprays are adults. Pepper sprays are legal in all states in the United States. The government respects people's autonomies for purchasing pepper spray and self-defense. Sellers usually post warning on the package of the pepper sprays to the customers, like the woman, for supporting the informed consent and acknowledging autonomy. Also, there are different policies in different states for pepper sprays. For example, according to Washington State Legislatures, “ It is unlawful for a person under eighteen years old, unless the person is at least fourteen years old and has the permission of a parent or guardian to do so, to purchase or possess a personal protection spray device. A violation of this subsection is a misdemeanor.”(Personal Protection Spray Devices, n.p) This policy protects those who are with diminished autonomies such as the woman’s daughter from getting hurt by the pepper spray. For the teenagers who are at least 14 years old, they are protected by the third party, which is their parents and guardians. However, the woman’s daughter might have the chance to touch the pepper spray for curiosity because of her mother. In this situation, it is the woman's responsibility to protect her daughter from getting
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