Bach And Baroque Ideas : Johann Sebastian Bach

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Tyler Singery Matthew Leone MUS-M 401 7/2/2015 Bach and Baroque Ideas Johann Sebastian Bach was one of the most important figures in the Baroque era of music. His music was a large part of the Baroque era and contains many musical principles of the time. The question is, what specific ideas did Bach use in his music? Did he use different Baroque techniques based on what he was writing for? And how were these techniques used in his music? In this paper, I will discover what Baroque era techniques Bach used in some of his music, what kind of compositional models Bach used, and how Bach’s Great Eighteen organ chorales were received. An example of one of these techniques is the parody technique. The parody technique is when a composer takes an existing piece of music and creates a new piece based off of the original piece (Mann, Alfred, Bach’s parody techniques and its frontiers, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989, pg. 116). Alfred Mann argues that Bach took ideas from his older works and transcribed them into new works for different instruments. There are many examples that Alfred Mann gives to support his argument. In this book, he describes how Bach’s Prelude and Fugue in A Minor can be traced to earlier compositions. Mann states that Bach took the Adagio section of the organ trio BWV 527 and put it between the Prelude and Fugue in A Minor. He believes Bach did this because of the challenges that the keyboard concertos posed at that time. Another

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