New Zealand, which is known for its beautiful landscapes that are often captured on film in movies and television shows such as The Lord of the Rings Trilogy or Xena: the Warrior Princess, is now facing problems with deforestation, soil erosion, and invasive species that are killing native plants and animals (Central Intelligence Agency). With all countries whose population is growing, there are major effects caused by it. According to The World Factbook, a website created and ran by the Central Intelligence Agency, New Zealand is a country made of multiple islands that lie off the southeast coast of the continent Australia in the South Pacific Ocean. With about 268,000 square kilometers of land, New Zealand is an island that has both …show more content…
Many New Zealanders help harvest and build much of their exports. New Zealand main exports are dairy products, meat, and fish (Central Intelligence Agency). They also export different woods or wood products as well as machinery. The World Factbook states that the total amount of exports are $38 billion. New Zealand’s partners for exports are Australia, China, Japan, and the United States. They get imports from the countries listed prior in addition to Singapore and Germany. The imported goods total about $37,000 and include electronics, vehicles, machinery, and textiles (Central Intelligence Agency).
Some major environment problems New Zealand are facing are deforestation, soil erosion, and harm to native plants and animals because or invasive species (Central Intelligence Agency). Greenpeace, an independent global campaigning organization, states that deforestation is a major problem in New Zealand because the burning of the forests have resulted in too much carbon in the air. This extra carbon in the air adds to the “greenhouse effect” which in turn causes climate change. This change in climate can result in the destruction of more forests because it causes more forest fires and drought (Greenpeace). Another outcome caused by deforestation is soil erosion. There are many types of soil erosion that happen in New Zealand. Two types that New Zealand deals with the most are steambank erosion and surface erosion
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“Erosion occurs when the soil lacks protective vegetative cover”. (Pimentel, Kounang, 1998) “Soil erosion reduces the productivity of the land by loss of water, soil, organic matter, nutrients, biota, and depth of soil.” (Pimentel, Kounang, 1998) With no conservation methods in place in certain places like: no contour farming, no cover crop, no terraces, no water ways, and tillage on steep hills is asking for a loss of productivity from the land. The effects on the land that non-conservation methods have is horrible. “Its effects are pervasive, and its damages are long lasting. (Pimentel and others 1995a)” (Pimentel, Kounang, 1998) Soil loss is a bigger factor then most people think. For an example an comparison of how much soil is actually lost in certain environments: “On sloping agricultural land under tropical rainfall, as much as 400t/ha/yr of soil is lost (Pimentel unpublished report,1990).”(Pimentel, Kounang, 1998) “Under arid conditions with relatively strong winds, as much as 5600t/ha/yr of soil has been reported lost (Gupta and Raina 1996).” (Pimentel, Kounang, 1998) Soil loss is a huge factor when conservation practices are not put into place. “According to some investigators, approximately 75 billion tons a fertile soil are lost annually from the world’s agricultural systems (Myers 1993).” (Pimentel, Kounang, 1998) Soil loss is a huge factor and many different things can be done to help slow it,
There are many similarities and differences between the United States (U.S.) and New Zealand that make them unique. The U.S. has people from all around the world Including people from New Zealand. There is an abundance of jobs and opportunities for people who live there. They have freedom and liberty. This gives them rights that citizens of many other countries don’t have. They also have the right to vote for laws as well as political figures they want in office. Although the U.S. has some amazing qualities, New Zealand has many of the same Ideals, as well as several differences, but regardless both countries are amazing places.
Center convictions and qualities are gone from folks to kids and schools, places of worship, organizations and the Government is strengthened by. New Zealand is a multicultural country lives in the nation in each and every gathering so they put their things as per the gathering, as per the Group on the particular's chicagos pizza sort to use with a mixed bag of beverages so made.
New Zealand is located in Oceania. It consists of islands in the South Pacific Ocean, southeast of Australia. The total area of this country is about 267,710 sq km. The nationality of the citizen is New Zealander. The population of New Zealand is about 4,438,393 people. The language used include English, Maori, Samoan, Hindi, French, Northern Chinese, and Yue. The religions available in New Zealand include Christian, Hindu, Buddhist, Maori Christian, Islam and
Over 50% of New Zealand’s population agree to changing their national flag. New Zealand have already created website, petitions and competitions based on getting a new flag. Australia is recognised by the national flag, unlike New Zealand which is recognised by a silver fern. If any country is too change their flag, it is a wise decision for New Zealand too.
Australia is a vast, dry, low-relief interior, while the island of New Zealand is mountainous with a temperate climate. Australia is one of the oldest rock on the planet, situated in the center of the Australian Plate. New Zealand is younger, therefore less stable because of it location along the Ring of Fire, having plenty of earthquakes and volcanic eruptions, however, Australia has neither of these phenomenas. The elevation differences is considerable, as Australia's highest point, Mount Kosciosko is lower than the entire elevation of New Zealand, with its high point at Mount Cook. Along Australia's low relief region there are plateaus, plains, and the Great Artesian Basin provides essential water to the desert country. In the southern half of Australia were are predominant river systems, which contains mineral wealth. Australia's physiographic benefits the country, while New Zealand see it as obstacles, and while they both are surrounded by oceans from every angle, these two countries vary in many ways governmental, economically, and socially.
It has been shown that around 7% of Western Australia is being faced with this issue due to deforestation. Studies in Australia’s tropics show that soils only have a limited capacity to recover after the impact of
The country that i'm researching is New Zealand. New Zealand is located in the south-western Pacific Ocean and features two main islands, the North Island and the South Island. The language spoken the most often there is English. The capital of New Zealand is Wellington.
The main export products in Australia are agricultural products and mineral, which take up about 65% of total national export revenue. Agricultural export products consist of beef, wheats, wool, wine, cotton etc. Here in this case, it is talking about the second largest composition in the group - beef and cattle. Every year, there is nearly two thirds of Australian agricultural products export overseas and it is stable increasing as far as we can see.
New Zealand’s government is built up of many different positions of power, with their spokesperson John Key on top. America, although being on the complete other side of the world they too are a big influence on us. Our government and Americas government are intertwined through the Wellington declaration and the T.P.P.A. These documents connect New Zealand and American governments together as
I have luckily listened to the lecture presented by Elizabeth Kolbert, the author of The Sixth Extinction and the winner of two national magazine awards. She basically introduced several different extinct or endangered species firstly, including animals such as ʻalalā, a kind of crow that lives in Hawaii, and plants such as American Chestnut, which dominated forest in US 100 years ago. Then emphatically, Mrs. Kolbert talked about the biosystem appearing in New Zealand. By recommending plenty of species and problems happened in the system, Mrs. Kolbert drew forth the concentral idea of killing mammals to protect birds New Zealand did to balance the environmental circumstance. I have noticed this point as quite attractive for me. Finally, the
Australia’s exports to the world include wool, wheat, durum wheat, wine, and chemical-free beef. Australia produces more food than it consumes and is a net food exporter, but Australia's domestic food consumption is increasing as its population grows. If that trend continues, Australia could become a net importer rather than exporter of food.
Trade policy is defined as a collection of rules and regulations that are made by public officials which relate to trade (Trade Policy, 2010). An organisation that makes the rules of trading amongst its member nations is the World Trade Organisation (WTO). They are the ones who handles trade issues, supervises trade policies, gives technical assistance to developing countries and participates with other international trade organisations (World Trade Organisation, n.d). New Zealand is an example of a country that works with the WTO. Due to this, it enables them to have a free trade policy. Trading is essential to New Zealand’s economy, as they can only afford the services and goods that they import by selling exports to other countries. Free trade
The industry in which Zespri functions in within New Zealand can be broken up into three broad value generating activities. The first activity is growing of kiwifruit which pertains to the orchards and includes pest and disease control and harvesting. The second includes the post harvesting activities including grading, packing and storing. The final stage and perhaps the most intrinsic stage includes the exporting.This includes the selling and distribution of the kiwifruit to overseas markets. Zespri International group is responsible for marketing almost all the export quality fruit from New Zeland. The only exclusion being the Austrailian Market.