Bilingual Vs. Bilingual Education

1283 Words Jun 17th, 2015 6 Pages
In 2005, Rolstad, Mahoney, and Glass, conducted meta-analysis research of bilingual education in Arizona. Before 2000, 63% of ELL students were in an ESL program, 16% in a bilingual education program, and 13% in a transitional bilingual education program. After evaluating multiple studies, the researchers found that English instruction has been effective in Arizona. However, bilingual education has also been effective and most research states it is more effective than English only instruction as students are able to “engage” academic content in both languages. Not only can a bilingual education help ELL students academically, it can also teach students about diversity. Research shows by using the student 's’ native language, it boost students’ self-esteem, identity, and encourage student to develop resources in their native language. Therefore, this program does not isolate students rather it embraces their culture and native language to achieve proficiency in both languages (Rolstad, Mahoney, Glass, 2005).
In 2007, the Arizona ELL Task Force released a research summary for SEI program models. Surprisingly, the results showed no research supporting an English-only program. The first question aimed at effective instruction for English learners and all studies were inconclusive. The second and fourth questions were based on the time-on task and allocated periods of time principles. Studies revealed the time of student engagement is correlated with academic achievement…
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