Bilingual Vs. Bilingual Education

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Research In 2005, Rolstad, Mahoney, and Glass, conducted meta-analysis research of bilingual education in Arizona. Before 2000, 63% of ELL students were in an ESL program, 16% in a bilingual education program, and 13% in a transitional bilingual education program. After evaluating multiple studies, the researchers found that English instruction has been effective in Arizona. However, bilingual education has also been effective and most research states it is more effective than English only instruction as students are able to “engage” academic content in both languages. Not only can a bilingual education help ELL students academically, it can also teach students about diversity. Research shows by using the student 's’ native language, it…show more content…
The third and fifth questions were based on teaching discrete English language skills explicitly and in a particular order. Studies found that instruction of discrete skills, to include comprehension, grammatical conventions and sentence structures, resulted in higher scores and instruction order is important. Interestingly, one study “found that the grammatical learning orders for Spanish and non-Spanish speakers were correlated” (AZ English Language Task Force, 2007, pg#). The sixth, seventh, eighth, ninth, and tenth questions were based on explicit teaching in phonology, oral language skills, verb tenses, syntax, and vocabulary. Studies on phonology instruction found students who had phonological awareness in their native language were able to transfer those skills to learning to read in English. Studies in oral language skills found there was a slight correlation between oral language skills and academic achievement. Studies in verb tenses found ELL students struggle with morphology but there was no other information provided. Studies in syntax found syntax is related to reading fluency and comprehension. Earlier studies report ELL students may struggle with syntax due to the lexical and syntactic processes not transferring to a second language. Studies in vocabulary found vocabulary knowledge is associated to comprehension. The last question was based on class size. Studies had
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