Bipolar Disorder Case Study Psychology

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This case study was conducted using careful observation of an individual who has a psychological problem. The individual who is a white 21-year-old male often shows symptoms of a disorder pertaining to mood- specifically a type of bipolar disorder. Mood irregularities began to be noticed by family, friends, and others at the age of 18. When asked to get help, the individual refused treatment at first, but then was hospitalized by personal admittance. The initial and current diagnosis is bipolar I disorder. The problem is explained in this study by
4theoretical models including the biological, psychodynamic, behavioral, cognitive, humanistic, and socio-cultural model. Case Study: Bipolar Disorder Analysis The 21-year-old male is the third oldest
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His relationship with his parents is almost nonexistent and neglectful. His father is an alcoholic and his mother, who has been diagnosed with bipolar I disorder, left when he 13 years of age. This individual is a homosexual and often has negative relationships with other men. His family is nothing but accepting of his sexual orientation. He is also a high-school dropout and has a history of substance abuse. Problem The most evident problems that this individual experiences are mood swings, episodes of mania, and major depressive episodes. States of mania and depression can debilitate him for up to a week. While the highs and lows are consistently alternating, symptoms of mania typically show first, and depressive episodes follow soon after. His episodes of mania typically consist of increased activity, racing thoughts, poor…show more content…
Studies have correlated irregularities of ion activity that slow or speed up the firing of neurons to individuals with bipolar disorder. Brain structure may also be correlated as research has shown that bipolar individuals have a smaller cerebellum and basal ganglia. Other brain structures such as the prefrontal cortex and amygdala may have structural abnormalities too. Not only does this model explain abnormal brain function and structure that is related to bipolar disorder, genetic factors and its components are explained as well. With the individual’s mother having been diagnosed with bipolar disorder, he has a five to ten percent chance of acquire this disorder from her transferred genetics. In other words, it is suggested that he acquired a predisposition due to genetic composition. While no specific gene or chromosome abnormalities have been connected to bipolar disorders, research has led us to believe that bipolar disorders are related to a collective group of gene variations (Comer, 2016). Psychodynamic The psychodynamic model typically focuses on a person’s unresolved issues and unconscious feelings. According to Freud’s approach, the depression aspect of bipolar disorder is due to a dominant id that struggles against the ego and superego. Manic phases occur when the ego tries to protect itself from the aggressive id. When the ego defends itself from feelings
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