Border Security and Transatlantic Counter-Terrorism Measures

3077 Words13 Pages
Border Security and Transatlantic Counter-Terrorism Measures

ABSTRACT: The United States and the European Union share common values, economic interests, and security challenges. The expansion of the European Union into the countries which were under the Soviet sphere of influence continues to complicate the internal border security of the European Union. Given the liberalization of trade within the EU and in turn into the US, the port and border security of each trading partner is connected in this global economy. This paper examines some of the border security issues facing the EU and how these challenges affect the United States. Particular interest is paid to the porous borders of the former Warsaw Pact countries given their
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The United States created a more protective stance on homeland security after the terrorist attacks in 2001. This defensive mentality has effected allies and enemies alike and placed more stringent security barriers at America’s gates. The changing global environment created by these terrorist activities has challenged the transatlantic relationship and its ability to produce effective counter measures. Cooperation between the US and the EU in this arena is critical to the security and economic prosperity of both regions. The EU’s limited executive authority over Justice and Homeland Affairs presents obstacles to the equal implementation of counter-terrorism measures throughout the Union.

COUNTER-TERRORISM MEASURES

The US has enacted new counter-terrorism measures since the attacks of 2001. Several of these measures affect the travel standards and economic interaction with allied nations. The developments of the Security Container Initiative, the Passenger Name Record exchange, and the freezing of terrorist financial networks have created opportunities for both cooperation and conflict between the US and the EU. The declarations from the US-EU Summit in Ireland on counter-terrorism measures provide only part of the solution. The EU must also develop and utilize the executive power required to ensure equal implementation across the union.

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