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Bourgeoisie And Industrialism

Decent Essays
In the wood carvings created in 1846, two separate images depict a model welfare institution for orphaned girls and boys in Germany during the early years of industrialization. Both images portray a glorified view of the Bourgeoisie, who were owners of the means of production, and the Proletariat, members of the working class. These two social classes propelled the Industrial Revolution in Europe. The two images titled Orphaned Girls and Boys in a Welfare Institution, present an idealized situation of the Industrial Revolution and argue that the Bourgeoisie depended on the labor of the Proletariat for economic prosperity and survival.
The Industrial Revolution began in England during the early nineteenth century when demand for iron and
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Members of the Proletariat became forced to sell their manual labor to the Bourgeoisie to live. The Bourgeoisie and Proletariat worked closely together but quickly developed a one-sided relationship with the Bourgeoisie controlling work hours and wages.
The first of the two carvings, titled Orphaned Girls and Boys in a Welfare Institution, claim it was vital for young girls during the Industrial Revolution to learn how to sew correctly. The Industrial Revolution called upon every man and woman to produce material goods. To maximize production, the Bourgeoisie became forced to increase their labor force and had to teach young girls necessary trade skills. In the orphanage, some girls seem confused and do not know how to sew because they are staying away from their work (Image 1). The Bourgeoisie are unable to gain economic wealth when members of their labor force were unable to assemble a product or material correctly. Additionally, in the far right corner of the image, the leader of the orphanage punished a girl, yet she still sews (Image 1), which indicates that even though the girl committed an egregious act, the Bourgeoisie still depended on her labor because they still needed to meet the daily quota.
Marxism agrees with the argument made by the first image: the Bourgeoisie depending on the labor of the Proletariat for economic survival.
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