Buddhist Art of The Wei Dynasty

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Although Siddhartha Gotama spread the religion of Buddhism in India, his teaching had a great impact on other countries. Buddhist first made their way to China via the silk route; this was a network of caravan tracts that linked China to the rest of central Asia to the Mediterranean region. Buddhist monks also made their way into China with Buddhist scriptures and Buddhist art in their possession. This is the first time that Buddhism made a substantial impact on the Chinese. Quickly many Chinese began to convert to the new religion that was brought into china. In fact, Buddhism would become a central aspect to culture of the Chinese. Buddhism had a great impact on the Chinese, philosophers, and Chinese emperors. Additionally, Buddhism…show more content…
In addition, statues often have elongated ears, and this serves as a reminder that the Buddha came from a wealthy and noble background. Mudras are hand gestures with meanings four are associated with Buddhist statues. First, is the dhyana or meditation mudra is depicted by the hands over each other and the palms facing upward. Abhaya is the do not fear mudra which involves the statues right hand up facing outward, and the bhumisparaha is the earth touching mudra is depicted by the right hand of the statue reaching towards the ground. The final mudra is the dharmachakra, which is the wheel of the law mudra the gesture, involves the right thumb and the index finger forming a circle (Kleiner 13). During the Wei dynasty, Buddhism became central to the Wei culture, and it was declared the official religion of the Dynasty. Sculptures of the Buddha made during the Wei dynasty had distinct feature, but some feature were borrowed from the Indian sculptures of the Buddha. Gupta style characterized by clinging garments, with the robe covering both shoulders was a popular style for Indian sculptures of the Buddha. This Gupta style was borrowed, and incorporated into the sculptures of the Buddha during the Chinese Wei dynasty. In addition, sculptures also possessed Wei
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