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Bystander Intervention

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There are also some additional victim individual characteristics increasing likelihood of receiving help. Gender is perceived to be one such aspect since women are more inclined to be helped by either another female or a male. However, in a field experiment by Reysen and Ganz (2006) in which 324 were perceived regarding whether they helped a female or a male when their pen accidentally fell on the floor, the results delineated no support to the indication that women genuinely receive more help. In regards to the age of the victim, children are seen as more eager to request help and thus more likely to receive it. In contrast, adults according to Shell and Eiseneberg (1992) view help as an indicator of low-self esteem avoiding its request and…show more content…
In 1964 a woman known as Kitty Genovese was murdered and although she was heard begging for help from 38 neighbors for more than a half an hour, no one decided to help by calling the authorities. The notion of deciding to help those in need is known as ‘bystander intervention’, which raise high awareness after Kitty’s murder (Baumeister & Bushman, 2011). Darley and Latane (1968) decided to further investigate bystander intervention and it was concluded that higher assistance is provided when only one bystander is present within the ongoing situation in contrast to when several bystanders are observing, which is known as the ‘bystander effect’. This becomes evident because several bystanders are less likely to feel responsible for intervening leading to ‘diffusion of responsibility’, which was present in Kitty’s case where bystanders thought that someone else would intervene eventually and thus did not feel accountable to take any action. Diffusion of responsibility was shown in a study by Darley and Latane (1968) in which 72 university students heard other people’s problems. While they heard each person sharing their problems there was also a man who as he informed, was suffering from seizures. At some point the recorded man appeared to experience a seizure and what was observed was that 85% of the participants who believed were alone provided help in contrast to a 31% of those who thought other participants were present. Thus, what can be understood is that people are more likely to help when alone rather than in
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