Table of Contents
1 Country, Politics and Industry Background
1.1 Brief on Political System
Canada is a North American country consisting of ten provinces and three territories. Canada is a federal state that is governed as a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy with Queen Elizabeth II as its head of state. It is a bilingual nation with both English and French as official languages at the federal level.
Canada has strong democratic traditions upheld through a parliamentary system within the construct of constitutional monarchy; the monarchy of Canada is the foundation of the executive, legislative, and judicial branches.
The direct participation of the royal and …show more content…
The Quebec and federal governments asked the high court to suspend its ruling for 18 months. Less than two months after its initial ruling, the court agreed to suspend its decision for 12 months, retroactive to June 9, 2005.
1.4 Health care system problem
1.4.1 Long Wait times
Although life-threatening cases are dealt with immediately, some services needed are non-urgent and patients are seen at the next-available appointment in their local chosen facility. (Wikipedia)
1.4.2 Restrictions on privately funded health care
The Canada Health Act, which sets the conditions with which provincial/territorial health insurance plans must comply if they wish to receive their full transfer payments from the federal government, does not allow charges to insured persons for insured services (defined as medically necessary care provided in hospitals or by physicians). Most provinces have responded through various prohibitions on such payments. This does not constitute a ban on privately funded care; indeed, about 30% of Canadian health expenditures come from private sources, both insurance and out-of-pocket payments. The Canada Health Act does not address delivery. Private clinics are therefore permitted, albeit subject to provincial/territorial regulations, but they cannot charge above the agreed-upon fee schedule unless they are treating non-insured persons (which may include those eligible under automobile insurance or worker 's compensation, in
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Canada is the second largest land mass of any country and is composed of 10 provinces, and three territories; However, Quebec and Ontario make up the majority of the seats in the house of commons. Political parties must gain the support of either Quebec or Ontario if they want to win a federal
Canada has a federal constitutional monarchy. The English monarch is vested with powers of state, but the power is shared with a representative democracy in which people express their views by electing representatives who meet and discuss policies.
Public Policies strive to protect all citizens across the nation, includes low-income citizens who often go unrecognized in society. To make sure this happens, legislature has put forth the “The Canada Health Act”, which requires the provincial government to meet certain expectations regarding public-health care and insurance plans. Though this act states that health services are free and accessible facilities, issues arise when citizens need urgent medical attention but appointment are unavailable until weeks later. Many of these poor individuals cannot afford to pay the extra amount to receive faster care as oppose to their rich counterparts.
Canada is a country, proud of its culture and heritage. Canada is a country in North America alongside the United States and Mexico, boarded by the Arctic, Atlantic, and Pacific oceans. Particularly Canada is a multicultural, diverse country with two national languages consisting of French, as well as English. Although the language is diverse it is not the only element that changes across the country. In addition, Canada consists of just under ten million kilometers squared of land, which is the second largest landmass in the world. Likewise, Canada has everything from flat grass to beautiful mountains, sparse hills to large valleys with mesmerizing beauty. Something to consider about Canada and its success is the aspects of Canadian society, and what is contributing to the overall well-being of all Canadian citizens making Canada a great country to live in.
Under the Act, each provincial health plan is administered at the provincial level and provides comprehensive first dollar coverage of all medically necessary services. With minor exceptions, health coverage is available to most if not all residents with no out of pocket charges. Most physicians are paid on a fee for services and enjoy a great deal of practice autonomy. Private health insurance for covered services are illegal. Most Canadians have supplemental private insurance for services that are not covered, such as prescription drugs and dental services. Consequently, physicians are forced to participate and each health plan effectively serves all residents in the province (Henderson 487).
Quebec was left out again in the debate for the Meech Lake Accord. Rather than make serious attempts to recognize Quebec as a distinct society, too much time was spent in attempt to forge the nation together. Had Meech Lake been successful, it would have respected Quebec’s genuine wish to be recognized as a distinct society. Meech Lake would have been able to forge universal language rights because both official languages would receive the same amount of respect in Quebec as it does
In Canada, although private insurance companies exist they are not allowed to cover services provided under provincial plans. In each province only one public insurance entity is responsible for reimbursing hospitals and physicians. Patients are free to choose their physicians, but they do not
The Canada Healthcare act [R.S. 1985, c. C-6] passed in 1984. It ensures that all residents of Canada have an equal access to necessary physician services, no extra billing from physicians and hospital. The act is on five main principles, Public administration necessary services are to offer on a non-profit basis. Next, accessibility coverage with no extra charges and comprehensiveness coverage for all medically necessary services at all times. Portability coverage is to extend to all residents in all provinces and territories. The fifth principle is universality coverage for all eligible residents of all provinces and territories (SEDAP, 2007).
For example, the way that the United States became a country and the way Canada became a country correlate with one another. The United States started a war with the British in 1775 in efforts to claim their own independence. When the United States won, the British were compelled to notice them as their own country. The United States gained their independence on July 4th, 1776. The British had a large amount of leftover land left in the United States from the war, which eventually became Canada. Canada was officially named a country forty-five years after the United States, on September 27, 1821. Canada and the United States also share the same number of branches. Each of them is composed of three branches: executive, legislative, and judicial. The executive branch in Canada is made up of the Prime Minister and the Cabinet, the legislative branch is made up of the Senate and the House of Commons, and the judicial branch is made up of the Supreme Court. The executive branch in the United States is made up of the president, vice president, and the Cabinet; the legislative branch is made up of the Congress, Senate, and the House of Representatives; and the judicial branch is made up of the Supreme Court. Lastly, the two countries have similar systems in which they enforce their laws. The Royal Canadian
Canada has a single payer healthcare system which is solely financed by the government. The origin of the Canadian healthcare system is traced back from 1941, when some provinces introduced the compulsory health insurance. After the WWII province Saskatchewan set up the hospitalization plan which brings out Canadians healthcare system in current form. The main feature of this plan was to create the regional hospital system: for primary care they have local hospitals, whereas in more complex cases, they have district hospitals and for even more difficult cases they introduced the base hospitals. By 1971 Canada has the national health insurance plan providing care for both physician’s services and hospitalization. Under the act of provision of the 1984 Canada Health Act, Health coverage is available to all the residents with no out of pocket charges with the minor exceptions. In Canada it is illegal to have private health insurance to those who have services. Most Canadians have a supplemental plan if they are not insured which provides prescription drugs and dental
Canada is made up of ten provinces and three territories. The territories are Northwest Territories, Nunavut and Yukon. The Provinces include: Alberta, British Columbia, Ontario, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Quebec, and Prince Edward Island. Yukon. The major difference between a Canadian province and a Canadian territory is that a province is a creation of the Constitution Act (17 April 1982), while a territory is created by federal law. Thus, the federal government has more direct control over the territories" (One World, 2014). Ottawa is the capital city if Canada. Ottawa is located in the South East, in the province of Ontario, and is the fourth largest city in Canada. Alberta is one of
Canada 's health care system is a group of socialized health insurance plans that provides coverage to all Canadian citizens. It is publicly funded and administered on a provincial or territorial basis, within guidelines set by the federal government. Under the health care system, individual citizens are provided preventative care and medical treatments from primary care physicians as well as access to hospitals, dental surgery and additional medical services. With a few exceptions, all citizens qualify for health coverage regardless of medical history, personal income, or standard of living. In addition to public health care providers such as primary care doctors and hospitals, many private clinics offering specialized services also operate in Canada.
Canada is one of two countries located in North America and is the second largest country in the world. It is situated just north of the United States and constitutes the northern part of the country, excluding Alaska. Over the years Canada's culture has been influenced by European culture and traditions, mainly that of the French and British. Canadian culture has also been influenced by the countries' first people, the Aboriginals, as well as the newer immigrated population (Wikipedia, 2007). Canada consists of ten provinces and three northern territories, almost all of which are "rich in land and natural resources" (Bailey, par. 2). Canada is often referred to as a mosaic community because there is such a wide variety
Health care in Canada is delivered through a publicly funded health care system called Medicare, which is a universal coverage, single payer plan for all Canadians and legal residents. This health insurance pays up to 70% of all medicals costs excluding dental, eye care and medications, which is covered by private sectors. The current health care policy is guided by the provisions of the Canada Health Act 1984. Approximately 99% of physicians’ service costs and 90% of hospital care are covered by publicly funded program. Historically, Canada’s health system was dated back to 1867 when the British North American Act was passed, which gave federal government the responsibility to take care of marine hospitals and quarantine. As for the provinces, its responsibility is to manage the local hospitals, asylums, charities and other charitable organizations. To compare with the United States of America, the American government does not have a single payer program, which results in a somewhat less efficient healthcare system. Health care facilities are largely owned and operated by private sector businesses. 58% of US community hospitals are non-profit, 21% are government owned, and 21% are for-profit.