My senior thesis will explore the historical and social scientific relationship between Capitalism and Christianity in regard to the changing religious population in South Korea. I will use Max Weber’s The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism as a starting place in the field, critique it, and explore more recent research as well. I will apply Weber’s methodology onto South Korea, paying particular attention to the first modern universities in South Korea, most founded by Protestants, which plays an important role in Korean culture today as your “rank” of university directly correlates with your future wealth, success and happiness. Traditionally, Protestants have had much more success in Korea as they were not persecuted harshly like
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In recent years the East Asia tiger economies such as Korea and Singapore are now becoming industrialised. Also China has become a major global power. Sociologists argue that this success is because of religion acting similar to Calvinism. Redding sees their post Confucian values as encouraging, similar to the protestant work ethic. Similarly Berger argues that Pentecostalism in Latin America acts as a functional equivalent to Weber’s protestant ethic. He says that they embrace the work ethic and lifestyle of Calvinists aspect of life which in result its members continue to prosper.
mmunism. After North Korea’s invasion of South Korea, it became evident that South Korea’s survival required outside intervention. The United States was to take action alone, but reconsidered due to the high risk of a Soviet and Chinese response and then referred the issue to the United Nations where member nations were asked to provide assistance to South Korea. Therefore, the Korean war was an international war in which the United States used the United Nations to Further its anti-communist policies due to the fact that communism was democracy’s greatest enemy.
This dramatic increase resulted in great periods of growth and invention (Hatzifotis, 2017). Max Weber’s The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism looked at the relationship between Protestantism and the emergence of modern capitalism. He discussed how Protestant’s involvement in business and profiting was
This paper explores the different views of religion between three sociologist writers, Karl Marx, Max Weber, and Emile Durkheim. It discusses a few different religions and the percent of Indiana that is religious. It will go into examples about how religion has developed over time and how Christians all have one big thing in common. Throughout the paper, it will explain how Christians are trying to share the word of God and make their community a better place.
When we ask “How important is religion in your community? Why?” Sophia answered it is important either Christian or atheist. In summary, Christianity, Buddhism, Confucianism are the main religions in Korean community. (http://www.korea.net/AboutKorea/Korean-Life/Religion)
Two of the greatest impacts one can have on the world are those on theology and government; since its origin, one’s religion had dictated his/her decisions, actions, and basic routines of daily life and a nation’s government affects the many people living under it, controlling them. Historically, these two areas of impact have been rarely been any less significant. Thus, even in their own times, medieval German religious leader and founder of the Protestant Church, Martin Luther and ancient Chinese political philosopher, Confucius were highly influential. In fact, their lives continue to affect us, today. As of December 2011, about 800,640,000, or 11.6% of the world’s population, was protestant, continuing Luther’s legacy. Confucius’ philosophy, known as Confucianism and dominated Chinese beliefs for millennia, ending in its control over politics only with the fall of imperial China and the birth of the Republic of China. Throughout many other parts of East Asia, however, Confucianism has in some ways prevailed, being the root of ancestral offerings and various familial and societal relationships and continues to be taught in many of the region’s schools. Both Confucius and Luther have deeply affected the world, both in their own times and today. The two men are similar in that sense. They are also similar in having brought new beliefs to their societies. Despite these similarities, though, Confucius and Luther differ from one another in one significant way: Luther’s
Under this understanding of the gospel, the promises of Christianity and capitalism are the same: hard work, whether financially or spiritually, will lead to material wealth and success. In fact, a major critique of prosperity gospel is that it takes advantage people at or below the poverty line by teaching them that prayer is the true answer to their economic woes, capitalizing on their desire for financial and spiritual help by pushing religious materials like Osteen’s books, and the donation plate toward those who are in real financial need, in order to accumulate wealth for the multibillion dollar institution. Conversely, prosperity gospel also suggests that those who are physically and financially well-off are inherently godly, according to their belief that physical and financial blessings are always a gift from God. This essentially reinforces the capitalist notion of the superiority of the upper classes, who, as a result, are not only seen as superior due to monetary wealth, but are also assumed to be morally and spiritually greater. In short, material success that Osteen promises in his prosperity gospel preaching parallels the promise of the potential for success and social mobility fostered by capitalism. Again, American values, in this case capitalism, are foundational to televangelism and embodied by Osteen through his sermons and religiously intonated self-help books. Not only that, but the material promises of prosperity gospel are also this likely to foster evangelical support of the capitalist system, an idea which is gaining traction with American religious historians19 some even attribute Trump’s success in the 2016 election to evangelical support as
I heard that early European explorers in Korea said that the land resembled "a sea in a heavy gale" because of the large number of mountain ranges that crisscross the peninsula. I also heard the highest ones are to the north. The guide says there are three major mountain ranges here in the south: the Taebaek Mountains, the Sobaek ranges, and the Jiri Massif all here in Silla. Unlike Japan or the northern Tang, the Peninsula is said to be volcanically stable. There are no active volcanoes aside from Baekdu Mountain in Tang. The lowlands here in Silla are the product of mountain erosion. Approximately 30 percent of the area of the South consists of lowlands, with the rest consisting of uplands and mountains. The great majority of the lowland area lies along the coasts, particularly the west coast, and along the major rivers. It's too bad that I’m only here for a limited or I would have been able to see so much more.
The six important factors to consider about South Korea’s culture is their values, norms, religion, education, social mobility, and American influences. South Korea was built up by many core values, however the most important being Confucianism. Confucianism was founded over 2000 years ago in the fifth century BC and was the official ethical system of China (Hill, Rihcardson, & McKaig, 2009). The value of Confucianism was profound in the Korean culture and it still continues to pervade amongst South Korean’s consciousness today. Confucianism shapes the Korean moral system, national laws, and business culture by placing an obligation towards
I was born and raised in a Christian family in South Korea. South Korea was one of the poorest countries in the world when the Korean War ended in 1953; however, the country soon faced a rapid economic growth and became one of the fastest growing countries from the early 1960s to the late 1990s. While all of my grandparents lived through the Korean War, my parents did not experience the war, but they have seen and heard the tragic ruins of what the war had left behind. Gratefully, both of my parents were raised by a Christian mother. My parents grew up admiring the hard work of their mothers and learning the integrity and faith to be the highest values. When I was born in 1981, the economy was on the increasing trend; my parents had
Overall Christianity started to develop a hierarchy much like the great Roman Empire meanwhile Buddhism branched into two different types and spread into the rest of Asia. Nevertheless both of them spread all over Asia and Europe using merchants, monks, and missionaries but both were completely opposite when it came to hierarchy. Christianity believed in hierarchy a included in its structure but Buddhism didn’t and was created to stop the social disparity caused by the hierarchy and Hinduism. Another religion that was spread by trade using missionaries and merchants was Islam during the 7th century. Islam also used the basics of hierarchy where Allah was seen as the king/emperor and your good deeds are seen as your messiah or savior just like
The new religion, Catholicism, slowly spread in Korea since 18th century by Dutch Jesuit priest.
Weber’s primary interest seemed to focus on established religions with many followers. Through his text,“Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism”, Weber investigated Christianity’s impact on Western ideology and culture (Callaghan 200). Like Marx, Weber believed religion interacted with economics. Yet, he differed from Marx, in that he did not see this as a negative construct. While investigating the development of capitalism in the west, Weber points to the fact that capitalism seemed to emerge in a number of Protestant and Lutheran based countries (Callaghan 201). Furthermore, he points to ideologies in protestant ethics, such as the belief that every day life holds significance to God. Following this notion, Weber believed capitalism was not just about money. Instead, the ideology associated with capitalist efficiency, was that when you work for God, you work hard(Callaghan 201). Still, Weber’s explanations fail to acknowledge the hedonistic aspects of capitalism. As a result, Weber’s sociological approach to the study of religion is perhaps too broad to deliver any real concrete findings.