Capitalism In John Steinbeck's The Grapes Of Wrath

1506 WordsSep 23, 20177 Pages
aims by the landowners who are very well united. The state machinery is against them too. Quite adverse to the haves, the have-nots are disintegrated. They are hungrymen, therefore they are not able be one with their fellowmen. They also suffer from the conflicts within their own class. If one worker succeeds in procuring a job, the other one replaces him by becoming ready to do the same task on the lower wages. The haves know well that their empire is safe till the have-nots are ununited. This is the reason they get worried whenever they find the have-nots getting class conscious or maintainig solidariy. The "growing labour unity" makes the owners tense because it forecasts a revolution which, if once sets in, will equalize the haves and…show more content…
"Yes, you all look satisfied here, while outside the world begs for a crust of bread or a chance to earn it. Feed the body and the soul will take care of itself" (Bennet, Steinbeck .qtd 1939: n.p.). In the novel, Jim Casy emerges as Steinbeck’s mouthpiece. He is a preacher. Watching the have-nots and their pitiable conditions, he ceases to be preacher any more. He decides to help the have-nots. He says, "I’m gonna work in the fiel’s, an’ I’m gonna be near the folks" (Steinbeck 1939: 79). He even puts aside his Christian belief. "No, I don’t know nobody name’ Jesus. I know a bunch of stories, but I only love people. An’ sometimes I love ‘em happy, so I been preachin’ somepin I thought would make ‘em happy" (Steinbeck 1939: 19). Thus, he gives up "the negative or legalistic aspects of Christianity" and coming back from wilderness joins the hungry and the houseless migrant workers (Watt 1962: 99). He articulates a new form of religion which seeks 'narayan' among the 'daridranarayan'. When he talks about all me and all women, he implies the have-nots. "I figgered about the Holy Spirit and the Jesus road I figgered, ‘Why do we get to hang it on God or Jesus? may be’, I figgered, ‘may be it’s all men an’ all women we love; may be that’s the Holy Spirit – the human spirit – the whole shebang" (ibidem: 19). Wealth is a "socially created"
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