Case Study: ISI And RAW

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Title: ISI and RAW
Introduction:
An intelligence agency is a government agency responsible for the collection, analysis, and exploitation of information in support of law enforcement, national security, military, and foreign policy objectives. Every country has its own intelligence like Pakistan has ISI, India has RAW, USA has CIA (Szoldra, Paul (May 11, 2013). "These 17 Agencies Make Up The Most Sophisticated Spy Network In The World". BusinessInsider).
ISI:
ISI stands for Inter-Services Intelligence, is the premier intelligence agency of Pakistan, which was formed on January 1,1948, structured to be operated by officers from the three main military services(Army, Air Force, and Navy), and to specialize in the collection, analysis, and assessment
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ISI gained global recognition and fame in the 1980s especially when it supported the Afghan Mujahideen against the Soviet Union during the Soviet–Afghan War in the Afghanistan. During the war, the ISI worked in close coordination with the CIA of the US to train and fund the Mujahedeen with American, Pakistani, and Saudi funds. The soldiers of the military are recognized worldwide for their bravery and enthusiasm.
International Business Times ranked the ISI as the top intelligence agency in the whole world in 2011. In November 2015, former director of India's intelligence agency RAW called ISI the strongest in the world, comparing it to KGB(agency of Soviet Union).
Importance of ISI:
It’s not just a matter resources and funding that grades an intelligence Agency. ISI has come out as the stealthiest, deadliest and most effective Agency for a few reasons,
 They are highly professional (as in skillful, proficient and experienced) bound by patriotism.
 They unprincipled when threatened or achieving objectives.

 Their country cooperates and supports them.
 They have geographical superiority in the region against neighboring countries i.e. Iran, India and
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Failures of ISI:
Pakistan’s spy agency ISI is one of the best and strong intelligence agencies in the world but still its some operations are not successful. Some of the failures of ISI are:
 Letting a Brigadier Usman Khalid sell OBL’s location to United States which was then used for fake polio campaign in order to get knowledge about Bin Ladin presence in that area.
 After the Mumbai Attacks, India was quick to compile dossier to make Pakistan look bad internationally. Pakistan has, however, failed to compile such dossiers despite 15 years of terrorist attacks on its soil sponsored by various spy agencies including NDS and RAW. The attacks that took place in Pakistan are always ignored internationally or the world remains silent for Pakistanis Life loss.
 CIA, Afghanistan defeated Soviet Union with the collaboration and help of ISI. But afterwards the “Mujhadins” Afghanistan targeted Pakistan and attacked schools, holy places etc. Even they attack army run school in Peshawar, in which 130 children died.
 Non-cooperation between the civil and military agencies on intelligence-gathering which resulted in several deadly disasters, including the suicide hit on slain Punjab Home minister Shujaa Khanzada and the attack on Bacha Khan University in
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