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Causes Of The Black Death

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Plagues killed a lot of people around the world. The most common one of them was the bubonic plague which killed about 20 million people in Europe where it’s first outbreak occurred.
Plague is an infectious disease caused by bacteria called Yersinia Pestis. The bacteria is found in rodents, particularly rats, and in the fleas that feed on those rodents. In bubonic plague, the most common form, bacteria infect the lymph system and become inflamed. Usually, you get bubonic plague from the bite of an infected flea or rodent. In rare cases, Y. pestis bacteria, from a piece of contaminated clothing or other material used by a person with plague, enter the body through an opening in the skin.
The first outbreak of the Black Death arrived in Europe by sea in October 1347 when 12 Genoese trading ships docked at the Sicilian port of Messina after a long journey through the Black Sea. Most of the people on the ship were dead and the rest of the people who were alive were severely ill. They were overcome by fever and couldn’t keep their food down. They were covered in black boils with blood and pus oozing out of them. This is where the name black death came from. As soon as the people saw that they tried to get rid of the ship but it was too late. They were already infected by it. Over the next five years it killed about 20 million people in Europe.
Even before the ship came to the harbor the people of Europe heard rumors about a disease that is causing a lot of deaths. It was mainly
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