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Causes Of Transnational Terrorism

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The purpose of this paper is to determine why transnational terrorism occurs, how it happens and what can be done to prevent it from an international political economy perspective. The research design is primarily theoretical and grounded in existing empirical analyses. The paper will also include current knowledge on the operative tactics and methods used by terrorist organizations. The goal is to unite the economic theory, empirical studies and practical expertise in order to suggest potential counterterrorism recommendations in the public and private sectors. INTRODUCTION Over the past few decades, the world has experienced the universal effects of globalization, albeit positive or negative. The global order as it was known is fundamentally changed. With the rise in free trade, vast increases in technological innovations and surges in civil society organizations, places far and wide are more interconnected than ever before. However, not all of these associations are benign. Although a wealth of innocuous actors such as non-governmental organizations (NGOs), multinational corporations (MNCs) and intergovernmental organizations (IGOs) exist today, there is also a dark side to globalization. Transnational links bring another set of actors to the stage at an unforeseen level, such as organized crime syndicates and terrorist organizations. The latter, since the events of September 11, 2001 (subsequently referred to as 9/11), appear to pose one of the greatest political
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