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Characteristics Of Namibia

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Namibia is a small African state, situated on the south western coast of the continent; most of its land is dominated by the Namib Desert and the Kalahari desert. Politically, the country is a unitary state, divided into 13 political regions. Economically, the country’s major activities are mining, agriculture, fishing, and manufacturing agricultural products for export and for domestic consumption. Namibia’s main trading partners are the European Union, Japan, the United States of America, Switzerland, member states of the Southern Africa Development Community and the Southern Africa Customs Union.
Why is Namibia a small state? A small state is usually defined according to the following characteristics: small geographical size, small population, small military capabilities and small economy. If a state has two or more of them, then it is identified like one. Namibia’s characteristics of a small state can be found in its 2.4 million people population and in its foreign policy principles, which include promotion of peace and security, nonalignment, international cooperation, and the respect of international law, as endorsed in Article 96 of the Namibian Constitution. These goals can also be found in the 2004 White Paper on ‘Namibia’s Foreign Policy and Diplomacy Management’, the only detailed foreign policy document produced for public consumption since independence. More recently, though, the Ministry of International Relations and Cooperation has also produced a Strategic
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