China Sea And Chinese Foreign Policy

1218 WordsApr 3, 20175 Pages
The general consensus among academics and experts in the field of politics concludes that China is assertive. The assertive conduct of China can have an impact on the regional order and stability in South China Sea. The academics and experts in politics have different perspective on the assertive behaviour of Chinese foreign policy. The argument in favour of implementing assertive foreign policies affirms that China has good intentions regarding the South China Sea. China is required to have an assertive behaviour to bring regional stability and solve the territorial disputes on the South China Sea. The opposing argument on assertive foreign policies displays concerns with the aggressive and provocative behaviour of China (Chen, Pu &…show more content…
The maritime claims and sovereign claims of China in the South China Sea through the nine-dash line must comply with the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (Rapp-Hooper, 2016, 78). “China had historic rights to the South China Sea through the nine-dash line until it ratified the UNCLOS in 1996” (Rapp-Hooper, 2016, 78). China is bound to follow the international law to defend its sovereign rights despite the tribunal in the Hague ruling in favour of the Philippines (Rapp-Hooper, 2016, 81). The ruling of the tribunal in The Hague was hard on China (Rapp-Hooper, 2016, 78). The ruling has placed limitations to the maritime claims of China in the South China Sea (Rapp-Hooper, 2016, 80). The maritime claims of China to water and airspace was declared invalid under international law (Rapp-Hooper, 2016, 76). China “cannot legally continue to declare military zones in the water or airspace around the reefs it occupies, nor can it do so more than 12 nautical miles from the rocks it controls” (Rapp-Hooper, 2016, 80). The invalidated the maritime claims of China to the waterways in the South China Sea through the nine-dash line (Rapp-Hopper, 2016, 77-78). China had sought to get entitlement to the South China Sea through Itu Aba (Rapp-Hooper, 2016, 79). The tribunal declared that Itu Aba was not an island like the Spratly Islands and China could not legally claim the entire South China Sea
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