Chinese and Indian Culture Essay

857 Words Jun 5th, 2014 4 Pages
Chinese and Indian Cultures
China and India have had close connections for many centuries. Similarities and differences can be found in many of their cultural aspects. Both India and China flourished as river cultures in regions surrounded by mountains. They relied heavily on agriculture which was supported by the rich soils of the river basins. (Witt, et al., 2001, p.443) Looking at the areas of religion and philosophy, architecture, and music, will bring to light some of those aspects and the reasons behind them.
Religion and philosophy
The main religions in India are Hinduism, Buddhism, and Islam. Hinduism and Buddhism originated in India. Because the beliefs, gods, rituals and practices are so abundant, it is impossible to explain
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One significant structure that does remain is the Great Wall, begun in the 3d cent. B.C. (Hebbar, 2003).
Though temples had been built in the early history of India, like those of China, none of them have survived as they were built from wood and clay. The earliest ones to survive are the cave temples. Starting from the Mauryan period with their simple designs, the cave temples began to be more complex and sophisticated as time went on and depicted Buddhist teachings. (Hebbar, 2003)
The impact of Buddhism in India's architecture, found its way to china during the Gupta dynasty. (Witt, et al., 2001, p.451-452) The pagoda, which was derived from the Indian stupa, is the most distinct Buddhist architecture found in China. Pagodas in the T'ang period between 618 and 906 were usually simple, square structures that later became more elaborate in shape and decoration. (Anonymous, 2001)
Indian and Chinese Music
Fundamental to Indian music were nine basic emotions love, humor, pathos, anger, heroism, terror, disgust, wonder and serenity. Sage Bharata, the earliest Indian musicologist articulated these moods and felt it was the musician's job to evoke a particular emotion or mood. The classical music tradition in India is said to be a form of meditation, concentration and worship. (Anonymous, n. d.) The music of India is highly inter-twined with religion, unlike that of China which is

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