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Chronic Wounds: A Case Study

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"According to wound healing society, the wound is the result of disruption of normal anatomic structure and function" (Boateng, Matthews, Stevens, & Eccleston, 2008). A wound is a laceration or cut in the skin due to thermal or physical damage, or a consequence of a presence of an existing medical or physiological condition (Boateng, Matthews, Stevens, & Eccleston, 2008). The wound can be classified into three terms based on the depth of the injury: 1) Erosion- which represents a loss of epidermis, increased redness and no bleeding. 2) Partial-thickness wound - which represents a loss of epidermis and part of dermis along with bleeding. 3) Full thickness wound - which represents a loss of epidermis, dermis, and extends into subcutaneous tissue involving muscle, bone, and tendon.…show more content…
Typically, acute wounds heal without disruption in 21 days or less and re-establish skin structural and functional integrity (Hamm, 2015). However, chronic wounds occur as a consequence of disruptive healing process and it takes months or years to heal. The occurrence of chronic wounds is two to three times higher than any other types of wounds, including surgical, burns, and acute (Hamm, 2015). According to wound healing society, chronic wounds affect approximately 6.5 million people in the United States and a failure of healing of chronic wounds is the biggest health issue globally (Wound healing society, 2016). Five major categories of chronic wounds based on etiology are arterial, venous, pressure, diabetic, and non-healing surgical wounds. The chronicity of wounds can be determined based on one of the five common factors: malnutrition, decreased oxygenation, diminished perfusion, increased mechanical forces, or systemic disease (Hamm, R.,
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