Civil Liberties And Multiculturalism : The Freedom Of The Human Mind

1430 WordsFeb 20, 20176 Pages
Sara Racchi Professor Vinecour Civil Liberties & Multiculturalism INSERT DATE INSERT TITLE While speaking about the University of Virginia, Thomas Jefferson once said, “This institution will be based on the illimitable freedom of the human mind. For here we are not afraid to follow truth wherever it may lead, nor to tolerate any error so long as reason is left free to combat it.” ( ) What Jefferson understood, along with the other founding fathers, is college is meant to be a forum for diverse ideas and challenging one’s preconceived beliefs. That’s why for many Americans, the First Amendment is the most important of all the rights guaranteed by the constitution. Moreover, it preserves our natural desire to express our thoughts and…show more content…
These charges brought against Brandenburg came forward after he phoned a reporter from a television station based out of Cincinnati, requesting for them to cover one of his KKK rallies on their program. The reporter accompanied alongside one camera man accepted the invitation to the rally which was being held on a farm in Hamilton County (Justia). The footage documented exposed twelve men dressed in full Klan regalia, some of which possessing firearms including a shotgun, a rifle, a pistol, ammunition as well as a bible. The ruling on the case came on June 9, 1969 and sided with Brandenburg and stated the Ohio law for criminal syndicalism was defined in too broad of terms and could not prove he was promoting violence. As a result, the state of Ohio was in violation of Brandenburg’s First Amendment right (oyez.org). In what has become known as the “Brandenburg test” the ruling has set a standard for how courts will determine if speech is meant to incite violence or not (Pew). The qualification for promoting lawless action is the message of the speaker must support an “imminent” action of violence (Pew).This case set a clear standard for the protection of one’s freedom of speech no matter how in conflict it may be with other’s beliefs and opinions. It also clarified how to interpret the intentions of any speech without the speech maker fearing arbitrary accusations of advocating lawlessness. II. Healy vs. James The

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