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Cnmi Essay

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The Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI) is a territory of the United States of America located in the Pacific Ocean. The six inhabited islands have a total population 52,300 people (U.S. Department of Interior, n.d.)
Land Mass
The CNMI is made up of a total of fourteen islands. The fourteen islands amount to a total land mass of 176 square miles. The three main islands of the CNMI are Saipan, Tinian and Rota (Central Intelligence Agency).
Land Ownership/Use
Not just anyone can own land in the CNMI. According to Article XII of the CNMI Constitution, land ownership is limited to local Chamorro and Carolinians. Additionally, local Chamorros and Carolinians cannot sell their lands to those who are not Chamorro or Carolinian.
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House of Representatives (CNMI Office of the Governor and Lt. Governor, 2017).
Relationship to the U.S. National Government
The CNMI has been a territory of the United States since 1975 after transitioning from being a part of the U.S. administered Trust Territories of the Pacific Islands since 1947. The territory falls under the United States’ democratic system and is governed by its constitution which was adopted in 1977 (U.S. Department of Interior).
Economic System
Federal Assistance/Funding
The CNMI relies heavily on federal funding. In addition to access to federally funded social programs that CNMI residents are able to avail of, the CNMI receives $72 million in federal grants (U.S. Department of Interior, n.d.).
GDP
The Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands is an open market. The CNMI Gross Domestic Product for 2015 was $922 million. The territory also say 3.5% GDP growth in 2015, an increase from 2.6% in 2014 (Bureau of Economic Analysis, 2016). In 2016, gross domestic product of the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands increased by 28.6% (Limtiaco, 2017).
Industries
Tourism The Common Wealth of the Northern Mariana Island’s main economic industry remains tourism. In 2016, the CNMI had a total of 530,671 tourists, and 11.7% were from Japan and 37.9% were from Korea (U.S. Department of Interior). At the end of 2016, over 40% of tourists were recorded as Chinese visitors (Limtiaco, 2017). In June 2017,
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