Cognitive Self-Regulation Of Early Childhood Education

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Children ages 4 to 5 years old, or kindergarten grade, experience rapid changes in their cognitive, social-emotional, and physical characteristics of development. An effective teacher organizes and designs his or her classroom around these progressions in order to promote healthy brain and bodily development throughout their life. As illustrated in the textbook, Educational Psychology, Fifth Edition, by John W. Santrock, “(The) commonly promoted link between neuroscience and brain education is that there is a critical, or sensitive, period – a biological window of opportunity – when learning is easier, more effective, and more easily retained that later in development” (Santrock, 2011, p. 39). Therefore, it is essential for brain development …show more content…

Through simple actions such as behavior approving and disapproving, communication, and social interactions, kindergarten students directly benefit by developing healthy social-emotional characteristics. In a 2013 study on the cognitive self-regulation of early education students, Mary Wagner Fuhs, Dale C. Farran, and Kimberly Turner Nesbitt found: “Because the prefrontal cortex has an extended course of development, children’s developing self-regulation skills are potentially more susceptible to environmental influences compared to other earlier developing cognitive skills” (Fuhns et. al, 2013, p. 5). Cognitive self-regulation refers to one’s ability to calm down when upset, then cheer up when feeling depressed (Stosney, 2011). At kindergarten age, students possess strong emotions and unrestrained motivation inside a classroom setting. Designing a classroom which promotes social-emotional wellbeing can be accomplished through providing a community “sharing” rug, grouping desks into 4 sets, and appropriate communication with the students. A community rug allows students to play and interact with each other during group time in the classroom, such as reading or free play; and grouping desks encourages teamwork and sharing. Appropriate communication from an educator teaches students communication skills through modeling behavior. By following those simple aspects of …show more content…

According to article, “Smart Moves: Powering Up The Brain With Physical Activity,” by Marcus Conyers and Donna Wilson, “A 2010 report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention summarizing 50 studies involving physical education, active play during recess, physical activity breaks in the classroom, and after-school sports and other activities found positive associations with academic performance” (Conyers et. al, 2015). Hence, an effective teacher allows physical activity breaks throughout the day and importantly, between lessons. I plan to apply this concept in my future classrooms by allowing 15 minutes of free play and stretching time in-between each segment of the school day. Children will be encouraged to play with kinetic blocks, participate in SmartBoard interactions, or stretch on a community rug. This will decrease the impulsive nature of their age range and encourage social interactions with their

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