The difference between interdisciplinary teams and Interprofessional teams is that interdisciplinary team perform their work in a collaborative fashion. Each member of the team, while providing the group with the knowledge and skills of his or her disciplinary perspective, also strives to incorporate that perspective with those of others to create solutions to health care problems that transcend conventional, discipline-specific method, procedures, and techniques. Communication by far is essential to collaboration and interaction. However, Interprofessional teams has to do with learning together as a team. Their collaboration interaction is characterized by the integration as well as modification of different professions. By having basic knowledge and skills related to your own profession you can share your knowledge with others as they will do the
As the delivery of care becomes more complex, the need to coordinate care among physicians, nurses, pharmacists, social workers, and others becomes ever more important. In the face of increasingly complex health issues, several institutions have proposed inter-professional education (IPE) as a way to improve teamwork among health professionals and move health systems from fragmentation to collaboration, with the goal of improving health outcomes (Schmitt, Blue, Aschenbrener & Viggiano, 2011). This key competency also has been included in the accreditation standards for pharmacy, medicine, nursing, and dentistry. Additionally, core competencies for Interprofessional Collaborative Practice were developed to provide tools to prepare future health professions for interprofessional, team-based, and patient-centered care (American Association of Colleges of Nursing [AACN] 2012). These collaborative competencies connects to the five core competencies identified by the Institute of Medicine and are instrumental in working effectively with other health professions, patients, and families (Bethea, Holland & Reddick, 2014).
Another important aspect of healthcare is effective interprofessional practice. This allows practitioners from different disciplines to work together to provide the best care for patients. There are four areas of competency in interprofessional collaborative practice. They are values/ethics, roles/responsibilities, interprofessional communication, and teams/teamwork (American Association of Colleges of Nursing, 2011). Each of these areas contribute to skilled interprofessional
As time goes by, people get infected with new diseases or current prevailing diseases. Consequently, new drugs are produced in an attempt to overcome these diseases, which results in patients with complex health needs. The complexity of the patients’ healthcare therefore needs to be addressed by more than one discipline. Interprofessional collaborative care is a type of health care that involves people from different professions working together and relying on each other to provide effective care to patients. Interprofessional collaborative care is important and predominantly a focus of the health care reform because it improves healthcare outcome for the patients and reduces disagreements between different professions. I was able to experience interprofessional care when my grandma was diagnosed with cancer. The physician and the pharmacist worked together in ensuring that she got the proper medication that would not have any side effects on her. In addition, the physician would call the pharmacy every two weeks to check on my grandma’s progress and to ensure that she had picked up her medications. Both my grandma and I were grateful because we felt that our needs were taken care of appropriately. Moreover, interprofessional health care is important in a curriculum because if helps the students to be better prepared to work as a team. This is achieved by teaching students about their own profession while receiving an understanding of the other professions and the roles they
Nurses play an important role in achieving the competencies of interprofessional collaboration, quality improvement, and human flourishing. Successful interprofessional collaboration requires the willingness to step outside of one’s comfort zone and initiate interactions with other professionals. Nurses must also possess a well-rounded understanding of patient needs in order to know which types of professionals with which to collaborate. Communication skills are
Working in a team is an important responsibility by understanding each other’s role which may include doctor, nurse, occupational therapist, physiotherapist and many more. Team members divide the work based on their scope practice such as acute care, metal health care, homecare etc. Interprofessional collaboration practice is decision making and communicating between individuals for their patient’s health based on their knowledge and skills. It helps to promote habits, maximizing health resources, leading care to be safer with patient’s satisfaction and Canada’s health care (Kenaszchuk, Reeves, Nicholas, & Zwarenstein, 2010).
Interprofessional collaboration has become an accepted important component in healthcare. Engel and Prentice (2013) define interprofessonality as “the process by which professionals reflect on and develop ways of practicing that provides an integrated and cohesive answer to the needs of clients, family and populations” (p.429). This process involves continuous interaction and knowledge sharing between professionals, coming together in an organized system, to solve or explore a variety of patient care issues. Collaboration involves people interaction, who come together largely because they wish to do so, rather than mandated to do so, which invokes the idea of Aristotle’s virtue ethics or that good people do good things (Engel & Prentice,
As a way to promote interprofessional collaborative practice the HPHA IPC model recommends the implementation of an Interprofessional practice council, unit action councils, interdisciplinary care plans, documentation, and “bullet” rounds (HPHA Interprofessional Practice Model, 2010). Similarly, Weller, Boyd and Cumin recommend supporting interprofessional collaboration with protocols and procedures, using procedures that encourage information sharing among the whole team, such as checklists, briefings and IT solutions (2014).
It has been said that “effective teamwork and communication in healthcare helps the functioning of the team itself, however, for a patient it is pivotal, and in some cases can be the difference between life and death” (Knox & Simpson, 2004; Mickan, 2005). Inter-professional Education – IPE- can be defined as “occasions when two or more professions learn from and about each other to improve collaboration and the quality of care” (CAIPE, 1997 revised). Therefore, Inter-professional Education is an integral mechanism in establishing the key teamwork and communication skills that will need to be implemented in a healthcare setting in the future as “no one individual will have all the knowledge and skills required to meet the needs of patients” (Reeves et al, 2010). My reflection of this IPE experience will be based upon both the Kolb Cycle (Kolb, 1984) and the Tuckman model (Tuckman, 1965).
The delivery of safe, affordable and quality healthcare to clients is an integral part in today`s health care. In order to provide the aforementioned care; inter-professional (IP) collaboration of the health care members is essential. The need for IP collaboration has been identified by the Institute of Medicine (IOM), the federal government, the Department of Health and Human Services. The American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN) has identified the IP collaboration as an essential element of nursing education in the AACN Essential Series (Messer, n.d.). Evidence suggests that the collaboration among health professionals has been associated positively with patient outcomes in the operating room, the emergency
“Interprofessional working involves complex interactions between two or more members of different professional disciplines. It is a collaborative venture in which those involved share the common purpose of developing mutually negotiated goals achieved through agreed plans which are monitored and evaluated according to agreed procedures. This requires the pooling of knowledge and expertise to facilitate joint decision making based upon shared professional viewpoints” (Barrett, Sellman & Thomas, 2005, p18). How individuals collaborate and work towards a common goal for the benefit of the patient is essential for a swift recovery.
Interprofessional competency education is essential to patient quality outcomes because as stated in the Institute of medicine’s report patients have complex medical issues that can best be addressed by interprofessional teams. By training current and future health care workers to work in such teams we facilitate the model and the results is improved healthcare outcomes for patients. The model help professionals to understand the important role each person adds to the team.
“All health care disciplines share a common and primary commitment to serving the patient and working toward the ideal of health for all.” (American Association of Colleges of Nursing, 2014, p. 1) There are many different professional members in the healthcare system. Each of them, have a specific specialty and responsibility to the patient and play an important role in the patient’s overall plan of care. “The scope of health care mandates that health professionals work collaboratively and with other related disciplines. Collaboration emanates from an understanding and appreciation of the roles and contributions that each discipline brings to the care delivery experience.” (American Association of Colleges of
In the Journal of Interprofessional Care, an article titled Physician and nursing perceptions concerning interprofesssional communication and collaboration addressed the need for collaboration between all health care team members (2014). It was discussed that
Comparatively, interprofessional education is defined and compared to other styles of education in the article, “Interprofessional learning—the solution to collaborative practice in primary care”, by E. McKinlay and S. Pullon (2007). Also, McKinlay and Pullon (2007) examines results of one interprofessional education program and some “barriers” that are preventing interprofessional education from being a common theme in health care. Analyzing the results and outcomes of one program is necessary to show that interprofessional education does help produce the intended results and areas that might not to be modified (3). The “barriers” that are presented in this article provides other programs thinking about implementing this program to consider