Mesopotamia and Egypt: The two civilizations flourishing alongside rivers.
By David Jiménez
Ancient civilizations have been a great reference of the origins of life as it is nowadays. Major civilizations that have flourished throughout history have been very different but alike in many ways; as we can clearly see with ancient civilizations Egypt and Mesopotamia. Similarities and differences were multiple among these two civilizations, however the most noticeable aspects to contrast them are through their social organization, Literature and Culture, as well as their economies and interactions with other civilizations. This is not a sign of weakness or superiority among one another, but a sign of great development of two major culture. Mesopotamia and Egypt were both socially structured from patriarchal families and elitist governments, both possessed great architectural forms to show hierarchies and , yet there was a wider range of overcoming social classes in Egyptian society (especially for commoners) and a contrast from a central government to a city-state regulation system. Similarities in literature and culture were really abundant between this two civilizations; coming from writing systems of similar structures (cuneiform and hieroglyphics) and polytheistic religious views, they differed in record keeping ways and practices in religious afterlife processes. Trade was a main aspect for both civilizations and it was a major point of convergence between the two as they
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With governmental machinery that brought political and social order to their territories, effective political and military power enabled them to build regional empires and expand their authority to neighboring people. Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia were two great civilizations among the earliest to emerge in the Middle east and North Africa. Both made significant contributions in areas such as mathematics, medicine, agriculture, astronomy, technology, architecture, art and writing. They had differences as well, including their political structures. Most importantly is that Egyptians were under a centralized government, and the Mesopotamians had self-controlled city state governments.
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While describing the cultural among the people of Mesopotamia and Egypt, I learned the differences and similarities in culture. The birth of Mesopotamian Civilization began in c. 3000 B.C.E., in the valleys of the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers of Southwest Asia. Mesopotamia is a Greek word and it means ‘between the rivers.’ In contrast, the birth of Egyptian Civilization began in c. 3100 B.C.E., in a valley of the Nile River in Northeastern Africa. Egypt is a Greek word and it means ‘House of the Spirit of Ptah.’ Since there are several categories in the cultures of the Mesopotamians and the Egyptians, I decided to narrows it to three categories: Religion, Writing, and Geography. The three categories will present the basis to compare cultural differences and similarities.
When comparing cultures it would be difficult to find two that are more diverse than the Mesopotamian and Egyptian cultures. The Mesopotamian culture was filled with tension and instability while the Egyptian people maintained a stable and somewhat more content way of life. In examining these two cultures one can surmise that these differences are mainly due to the political, economic, social, religious, and geographic differences between Egypt and Mesopotamia. These factors added to the overall mentality of the people. These mentalities affected the stability of each culture, whether for the better or worse.
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